Acqua Vergine: The Remedy to Rome's Water Challenges

Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct assembled in Rome, started providing the individuals living in the hills with water in 273 BC, though they had depended on natural springs up till then. If residents living at higher elevations did not have access to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to count on the other existing systems of the day, cisterns that gathered rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that received the water from under ground. fcl103__78993.jpg In the very early sixteenth century, the city began to use the water that ran below the ground through Acqua Vergine to deliver drinking water to Pincian Hill. The aqueduct’s channel was made attainable by pozzi, or manholes, that were installed along its length when it was first developed. The manholes made it more straightforward to thoroughly clean the channel, but it was also achievable to use buckets to remove water from the aqueduct, as we saw with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he operated the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he passed away. Apparently, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t enough to satisfy his needs. Thankfully, the aqueduct sat under his property, and he had a shaft established to give him accessibility.

The Importance of Water Features in Japanese Gardens

A water element is an absolutely vital part of any Japanese garden. The Japanese water fountain is considered symbolic of spiritual and physical cleansing, so it is customarily placed in or near the doorways of temples or homes. Since water is meant to be the central point of a fountain, you will find that the designs are kept very straightforward.

Moreover, water fountains that have bamboo spouts are very popular. The bamboo spout is placed over the basin, typically crafted of natural stones, and water trickles out. It ought to have a worn-down, weathered feel as well. It is essential that the overall look of the fountain fits in with the natural surroundings, so people typically place plants, rocks, and flowers around it. To the owner of the fountain, it obviously is more than just attractive decoration.

If you want to get a bit more imaginative, try a stone fountain decorated with live bamboo and other natural elements placed on a bed of gravel. After some years it starts to really blend into the surrounding nature as moss covers the stone.

If you are fortunate enough to have a big piece of open land you can create a water feature that is much more elaborate. Charming add-ons include a babbling creek or tiny pool with koi in it.

Japanese fountains, however, do not really need to have water in them.

Beautiful rocks, sand, or gravel are good alternatives to actual water, as they can be used to represent the water. You can also assemble flat stones and place them close enough together that they look like water in motion.

Use a Outdoor Fountain To Help Boost Air Quality

You can liven up your surroundings by installing an indoor wall fountain. Pleasant to the senses and advantageous to your health, these indoor features are an excellent addition to your home. The science behind this theory endorses the idea that water fountains can positively affect your health. The negative ions emitted by water features are counterbalanced with the positive ions released by modern-day conveniences. Indisputable positive changes in mental and physical health emerge when negative ions overpower positive ions. They also raise serotonin levels, so you start to feel more aware, relaxed and invigorated. Due to the negative ions it releases, an indoor wall fountain can improve your mood and also eliminate impurities in the air. Allergies, air-borne pollutants among other annoyances can be done away with by these water features. And lastly, dust particles and microbes in the air are eliminated and lead to improved health.

Santa Maria in Cosmedin: A Roman Water Fountain Worth Viewing

Archaeologists and restorers on the lookout for pagan and Christian relics in Rome have stumbled upon an abundance of them in the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin. The Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth} is a recognized marble sculpture located at the entrance of the nearby basilica. When the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain was constructed in 1719, it was off the beaten track and mostly unknown as a result. It was said that there was nothing worth seeing in this area, as it was bleak and abandoned making it an unfriendly place to visit. In order to modernize the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, Pope Clement XI commissioned an Italian architect by the name of Carlo Bizzaccheri to put up a water fountain for the area. The job of laying down the church’s first stones started on August 17, 1717. The first stone to be placed in the foundation was consecrated and medallions bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were also thrown in.

Chatsworth and its Grandiose Cascading Fountain

The Cascade garden fountain forms a amazing garden focal point at the back of Chatsworth House. Twenty-four irregularly positioned stone steps reach down the hillside for 200 yards in the direction of the residence. Based on a 17th century French design, the Cascade is also entirely gravity fed. Remaining unaltered since its inception, this water fountain was originally created for the very first Duke of Devonshire in 1696. Standing at the peak of the fountain is the Cascade House, from which water flows downward. Decorated on the outside with ocean creatures in bas-relief, the residence is a small building. Water pressure to the Cascade can be enhanced on special occasions, meaning the Cascade House becomes part of the Cascade spectacle, as water circulates through conduits on its roof and from the mouths of its carved marine creatures, before proceeding down the Cascade. The sounds of the water cascading fluctuates as it falls down the Cascades mainly because of the small difference in the size of each and every step thereby supplying a wonderful and soothing accompaniment to a walking through the gardens. In 2004, Chatsworth's Cascade was named the best water fountain in the UK.


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