Early Water Delivery Techniques in The City Of Rome

With the development of the 1st elevated aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, people who lived on the city’s hills no longer had to be dependent strictly on naturally-occurring spring water for their requirements. When aqueducts or springs weren’t accessible, people dwelling at greater elevations turned to water removed from underground or rainwater, which was made possible by wells and cisterns. To furnish water to Pincian Hill in the early sixteenth century, they applied the emerging technique of redirecting the movement from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground channel. Pozzi, or manholes, were built at regular intervals along the aqueduct’s channel. The manholes made it easier to thoroughly clean the channel, but it was also achievable to use buckets to extract water from the aqueduct, as we observed with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he possessed the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he passed away. 50025coqn__08059.jpg Reportedly, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t sufficient to satisfy his needs. To give himself with a more useful means to gather water, he had one of the manholes exposed, offering him access to the aqueduct below his property.

Where did Large Outdoor Fountains Originate from?

A water fountain is an architectural piece that pours water into a basin or jets it high into the air in order to supply drinking water, as well as for decorative purposes.

From the beginning, outdoor fountains were soley meant to serve as functional elements. Inhabitants of urban areas, townships and small towns utilized them as a source of drinking water and a place to wash up, which meant that fountains had to be connected to nearby aqueduct or spring. Used until the nineteenth century, in order for fountains to flow or shoot up into the air, their source of water such as reservoirs or aqueducts, had to be higher than the water fountain in order to benefit from gravity. Fountains were an excellent source of water, and also served to adorn living areas and celebrate the artist. Bronze or stone masks of animals and heroes were commonly seen on Roman fountains.

During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden designers included fountains in their designs to mimic the gardens of paradise. The fountains seen in the Gardens of Versailles were supposed to show the power over nature held by King Louis XIV of France. To mark the entryway of the restored Roman aqueducts, the Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries commissioned the building of baroque style fountains in the spot where the aqueducts entered the city of Rome

The end of the 19th century saw the rise in usage of indoor plumbing to provide drinking water, so urban fountains were relegated to strictly decorative elements. The introduction of special water effects and the recycling of water were two things made possible by replacing gravity with mechanical pumps.

Modern fountains are used to embellish public spaces, honor individuals or events, and enrich recreational and entertainment events.

Water Features: A Fascination for Your Four-Legged Friends and Visiting Birds

Anyone who has bird feeders knows that outdoor water fountains bring in wildlife. Birds must have water to drink, bathe in, as well a place to groom, or preen. There are some birds, like robins, thrushes, orioles, or warblers, which are not attracted to bird feeders, but are drawn to fountains because of the moving water.

Birds are usually drawn to outdoor fountains because of their flowing water rather than the standing water found in bowl-shaped bird baths. Trickling fountains which spatter water have a more noticeable sound, this attracting even more birds.

Dogs are attracted to fountains mainly because they provide another source of water. During scorching months of summer, cats and dogs will be outdoors for the absolute freshest water around. Because water in fountains is always moving, they do not need much maintenance, whereas the still water of birdbaths collect debris and require more attention.

The Advantages of a Water Feature in Your Workplace

Most people who visit a business love to see water fountain. The entrance to your company or store is a great spot to place a water fountain as will increase traffic flow as well as differentiate you from others. Such businesses as yoga studios, bookstores, coffee shops, and salons can financially profit from placing a water feature nearby.

The right water fountain will bring a relaxing feel to a business that attracts people who enjoy the outdoors. Bars or a restaurants that include a water feature will appeal to those who are seeking a romantic setting.

Outdoor Garden Fountain Builders Through History

Multi-talented individuals, fountain designers from the 16th to the late 18th century often worked as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one. Leonardo da Vinci, a Renaissance artist, was celebrated as an creative intellect, inventor and scientific master. With his tremendous fascination regarding the forces of nature, he explored the attributes and movement of water and carefully annotated his observations in his now celebrated notebooks. Ingenious water displays packed with symbolic significance and natural beauty transformed private villa settings when early Italian water feature creators coupled imagination with hydraulic and gardening expertise. The humanist Pirro Ligorio supplied the vision behind the wonders in Tivoli and was renowned for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden design. Well versed in humanist subjects and classic scientific readings, other fountain creators were masterminding the extraordinary water marbles, water properties and water jokes for the various estates around Florence.


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