The Splendid Santa Maria in Cosmedin Fountain in Rome

or-132__62569.jpg Archaeologists and restorers on the lookout for pagan and Christian artifacts in Rome have stumbled upon a treasure trove of them in the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin. The well-known marble sculpture called the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth) can be seen in the portico of the basilica nearby. When the Santa Maria in Cosmedin water fountain was created in 1719, it was off the beaten track and generally unknown as a result. It was said that there was nothing worth seeing in this area because it was bleak and desolate making it an unfriendly place to visit. It was a this time that Pope Clement XI commissioned the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri to put up a fountain to refurbish the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin. August 11, 1717 saw the beginning of the work to put down the foundation of the church. The first stone to be placed in the foundation was consecrated and medals bearing the illustrations of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were also thrown in.

The Original Fountain Manufacturers

Multi-talented people, fountain designers from the 16th to the late 18th century often worked as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one.

Exemplifying the Renaissance artist as a creative master, Leonardo da Vinci toiled as an inventor and scientific expert. He systematically recorded his experiences in his now famed notebooks, following his mind boggling interest in the forces of nature inspired him to explore the qualities and mobility of water. Remodeling private villa configurations into ingenious water showcases packed with symbolic interpretation and natural beauty, early Italian water fountain designers fused curiosity with hydraulic and gardening knowledge. Known for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden design, Pirro Ligorio, the humanist, delivered the vision behind the wonders in Tivoli. Masterminding the phenomenal water marbles, water features and water antics for the assorted properties in the vicinity of Florence, other water fountain engineers were well versed in humanistic themes and classical scientific texts.

Anglo-Saxon Grounds at the Time of the Norman Conquest

The Anglo-Saxon way of life was considerably changed by the arrival of the Normans in the later eleventh century. The ability of the Normans exceeded the Anglo-Saxons' in architecture and farming at the time of the conquest. But before centering on home-life or having the occasion to contemplate domestic architecture or decoration, the Normans had to subjugate an entire society. Most often constructed upon windy peaks, castles were basic constructs that permitted their occupants to spend time and space to offensive and defensive schemes, while monasteries were rambling stone buildings commonly added in only the most fecund, broad valleys. The barren fortresses did not provide for the peaceful avocation of horticulture. Berkeley Castle, perhaps the most unspoiled model of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture, still exists today. The keep is said to date from William the Conqueror's time.

A big terrace recommended for exercising and as a way to stop attackers from mining under the walls runs around the building. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an aged yew hedge cut into the shape of crude battlements.

Cultural Sculpture in Early Greece

In the past, most sculptors were paid by the temples to decorate the elaborate pillars and archways with renderings of the gods, however as the period came to a close it grew to be more accepted for sculptors to portray ordinary people as well simply because many Greeks had begun to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred. Portraiture, which would be acknowledged by the Romans upon their annexation of Greek civilization became traditional as well, and wealthy families would sometimes commission a portrayal of their forebears to be situated in enormous familial tombs. The usage of sculpture and other art forms differed over the years of The Greek Classical period, a time of artistic growth when the arts had more than one goal. It may be the modern quality of Greek sculpture that grabs our awareness today; it was on a leading-edge practice of the classic world regardless of whether it was created for religious reasons or aesthetic pleasure.

The Benefits of Fountains to Your Well-Being

Not only do outdoor fountains add beauty to any setting, they also provide soothing sounds and cleaner air. Not only do they add beauty to your home decor, they also create a fantastic place to gather with family and friends, and offer a variety of health benefits. Different people, however, find that their fountain is important to them for many personal reasons. You might be reminded of a great vacation or trip you took. It might bring back memories of that special friend. It could also be turned into a memorial to pay homage to someone already passed. Regardless, it will be yours and yours alone and also add so much to your life.


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