Chatsworth Gardens and its "Revelation" Waterworks

“Revelation,” the latest addition to the ornamental garden fountains of Chatsworth, was developed by well-known British sculptor Angela Conner. The late 11th Duke of Devonshire mandated her, because of her work in brass and steel, to design a limited edition bust of Queen Elizabeth in commemoration of the Queen’s 80th birthday. r-119_art2__68679.jpg Jack Pond, one of Chatsworth’s earliest ponds, had “Revelation” installed in 1999. It takes on the form of four large petals crafted from steel which opens and close with the water flow, alternatively hiding and displaying a golden globe at the sculpture’s center. The sculpture’s proportions are five meters high by five meters in width and features a steel globe finished with gold dust. The petals move based on the flow of water, making this installation an intriguing addition to the Chatsworth Garden grounds.

The Splendid Santa Maria in Cosmedin Fountain in Rome

Archaeologists and restorers alike have stumbled upon a treasure trove of pagan and Christian relics on the grounds of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. Located in the portico of the nearby basilica one can find the famous marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth). Built in 1719, the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain was relatively unknown and situated far from sight making it hard to visit. Due to the fact that the nearby area was gloomy and mostly abandoned, people were not particularly interested in visiting it. It was a this time that Pope Clement XI commissioned the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri to put up a fountain to refurbish the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin.

August 11, 1717 saw the beginning of the job to lay down the foundation of the church. The first stone to be placed in the foundation was blessed and medals bearing the illustrations of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were also thrown in.

The Godfather Of Roman Garden Water Fountains

There are many renowned fountains in Rome’s city center. Gian Lorenzo Bernini, one of the greatest sculptors and artists of the 17th century developed, conceptualized and produced almost all of them. His abilities as a fountain designer and also as a city architect, are observable all through the roads of Rome. Bernini's father, a celebrated Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son, and they ultimately transferred in Rome, to fully express their art in the form of community water fountains and water fountains. The young Bernini received praise from Popes and relevant artists alike, and was an excellent employee. At first he was recognized for his sculpting skills. Working gracefully with Roman marble, he used a base of experience in the historical Greek architecture, most especially in the Vatican. Although a variety of artists impacted his artistic endeavors, Michelangelo influenced him the most.

Modern Garden Decoration: Garden Fountains and their Roots

A water fountain is an architectural piece that pours water into a basin or jets it high into the air in order to supply drinking water, as well as for decorative purposes.

From the beginning, outdoor fountains were soley meant to serve as functional elements. Water fountains were linked to a spring or aqueduct to supply potable water as well as bathing water for cities, townships and villages. Used until the 19th century, in order for fountains to flow or shoot up into the air, their source of water such as reservoirs or aqueducts, had to be higher than the water fountain in order to benefit from gravity. Fountains were not only used as a water source for drinking water, but also to adorn homes and celebrate the designer who created it. Animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks were often times utilized by Romans to decorate their fountains. Throughout the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden planners included fountains to create mini depictions of the gardens of paradise. To demonstrate his prominence over nature, French King Louis XIV included fountains in the Garden of Versailles. The Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries were extolled with baroque style fountains built to mark the place of entry of Roman aqueducts.

Urban fountains created at the end of the 19th century served only as decorative and celebratory ornaments since indoor plumbing provided the necessary drinking water. Gravity was replaced by mechanical pumps in order to enable fountains to bring in clean water and allow for beautiful water displays.

Contemporary fountains are used to embellish public spaces, honor individuals or events, and enrich recreational and entertainment events.

The Minoan Society: Fountains

During archaeological digs on the island of Crete, a variety of varieties of channels have been identified. They were used for water supply as well as removal of storm water and wastewater. The chief ingredients employed were stone or clay. Whenever made from clay, they were generally in the form of canals and round or rectangle-shaped conduits. These consisted of cone-like and U-shaped terracotta piping which were distinctive to the Minoans. Knossos Palace had a sophisticated plumbing network made of clay pipes which ran up to three meters under ground. These Minoan pipelines were additionally made use of for amassing and stocking water, not just circulation. Hence, these piping had to be able to: Subterranean Water Transportation: It’s not really known why the Minoans wanted to move water without it being seen.

Quality Water Transportation: The conduits may also have been used to haul water to water fountains which were distinct from the city’s regular system.


The Father Of Rome's Water Fountain Design
In Rome’s city center, there are countless famous fountains. Gian Lorenzo Bernini, one of the most brilliant sculptors and artists of the 17th century developed, created and built... read more
Architectural Sculpture in Early Greece
A good number of sculptors were remunerated by the temples to enhance the intricate pillars and archways with renderings of the gods right up until the time period came to a close and many Greeks ... read more
A Brief History of Garden Water Fountains
As initially developed, water fountains were designed to be practical, directing water from creeks or aqueducts to the residents of cities and settlements, where the water could be used for cooking food, washing, and drinking. Gravity was... read more