The Results of the Norman Invasion on Anglo Saxon Landscaping

The Anglo-Saxon way of life was significantly changed by the introduction of the Normans in the later eleventh century. p-683__89451.jpg Engineering and gardening were skills that the Normans excelled in, trumping that of the Anglo-Saxons at the time of the occupation. Nonetheless the Normans had to pacify the whole territory before they could focus on home life, domestic architecture, and decoration. Because of this, castles were cruder structures than monasteries: Monasteries were frequently significant stone buildings located in the biggest and most fertile valleys, while castles were erected on windy crests where their citizens dedicated time and space to projects for offense and defense. The bare fortresses did not provide for the peaceful avocation of horticulture. Berkeley Castle is perhaps the most complete model in existence at present of the early Anglo-Norman form of architecture. It is said that the keep was developed during William the Conqueror's time. An enormous terrace encompasses the building, serving as an obstruction to assailants trying to dig under the castle walls. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an ancient yew hedge trimmed into the figure of crude battlements.

Backyard Elegance: Outdoor Fountains

It is also feasible to locate your exterior water fountain near a wall since they do not need to be connected to a nearby pond. Nowadays, you can eliminate digging, complicated installations and cleaning the pond. Due to its self-contained quality, this feature no longer requires plumbing work. Do not forget, however, to add water at regular intervals. Remove the water from the bowl and place clean water in its place when you see that the area is grimy.

Stone and metal are most common elements employed to construct garden wall fountains even though they can be made of other materials as well. You must know the look you are shooting for in order to decide on the best suited material. Outdoor wall fountains come in many forms and sizes, therefore ensure that the design you decide to buy is hand-crafted, simple to hang and lightweight. The water feature you buy needs to be simple to maintain as well. In general, most installations are straight forward since the only pieces which may require scrutiny are the re-circulating pump and the hanging hardware whereas other kinds of setups can be a little more difficult. You can easily perk up your outdoor area with these kinds of fountains.

Keeping Your Garden Fountain Clean

It is vital to carefully maintain water fountains for them to function properly. It is essential to clean it out and get rid of any debris or foreign elements that might have fallen into or onto it. Additionally, anywhere light from the sun mixes with still water, algae can form. To avoid this, there are some simple ingredients that can be poured into the water, such as vinegar, sea salt, or hydrogen peroxide. Bleach can also be dissolved into the water, but this is not the ideal option because it can harm birds or other animals.

Every 3-4 months, garden fountains should go through a serious cleaning. Before you can start washing it you should drain out all of the water. When it is empty, wash inside the reservoir with a gentle cleanser. Feel free to use a toothbrush if necessary for any smaller crevasses. Do not leave any soap residue inside or on the fountain.

Make sure you get rid of any calcium or plankton by taking the pump apart and scrubbing the inside properly. Letting it soak in vinegar for a couple of hours first will make it alot easier to clean. Mineral or rain water, versus tap water, is ideal in order to avoid any build-up of chemicals inside the pump.

Lastly, make sure your fountain is always full by checking it every day - this will keep it in tip-top shape. If the water level drops below the pump’s intake level, it can damage the pump and cause it to burn out - something you do not want to happen!

The Globe's Tallest Water Elements

The King Fahd Fountain (built in 1985) in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, has the tallest consistently-running fountain on the planet. The water reaches the fantastic height of 260 meters (853 feet) over the Red Sea.

Reaching water heights of 202 meters (663 feet), the World Cup Fountain in the Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), is recognized as the second highest worldwide.

The Gateway Geyser (1995) found next to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri is #3 on the list. With water reaching 192 meters (630 feet) in the air, this water fountain is the tallest in the United States.

With water ejected 190 meters (620 feet) in the air, the Port Fountain in Karachi, Pakistan makes the list.

Fountain Park in Fountain Hills, Arizona is number 4: it can jet water 171 meters (561 feet) high when the three pumps function at full capacity, it is usually limited to 91 meters (300 feet).

The Dubai Fountain opened in 2009 next to Burj Khalifa - the world's highest building. Once every 1/2 hour, this fountain begins dancing to pre-recorded songs while shooting water 73 meters (240 feet) high. It also has extreme shooters, rarely used, which go as high as 150 meters (490 feet).

Number 7 is the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra, completed in 1970, propelling water 147 meters (482 feet) high.

And finally we have the Jet d'eau, in Geneva (1951) which measures 140 meters (460 feet) in height.

Designing the Ideal Haven Indoors or Outdoors

To attain the maximum sense of tranquility and harmony, be sure to include a feng shui fountain. Setting up a garden or home waterfall is an easy means to make this happen. It is a fantastic addition to the decoration of any house. The ideal location for your outdoor fountain is a spot where you can see it from inside too.

The most gorgeous water fountains include flowers and plants. Look for plant types that flourish throughout the year. Attractive rocks, sculptures, or a fireplace are also nice add-ons.


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