The Influence of the Norman Invasion on Anglo-Saxon Gardens

The arrival of the Normans in the second half of the 11th century considerably modified The Anglo-Saxon ways of living. Architecture and horticulture were skills that the Normans excelled in, trumping that of the Anglo-Saxons at the time of the occupation. a-244__77182.jpg Still, home life, household architecture, and decoration were out of the question until the Normans taken over the rest of the populace. Because of this, castles were cruder constructions than monasteries: Monasteries were usually important stone buildings located in the biggest and most fecund valleys, while castles were constructed on windy crests where their citizens dedicated time and space to tasks for offense and defense. The barren fortresses did not provide for the calm avocation of gardening. The early Anglo-Norman style of architecture is exemplified in Berkeley Castle, which is perhaps the most unscathed sample we have. It is said that the keep was developed during William the Conqueror's time. As a method of deterring assailants from tunneling underneath the walls, an immense terrace encircles the building. On one of these parapets is a picturesque bowling green covered in grass and bordered by an aged hedge of yew that has been designed into coarse battlements.

Historic Crete & The Minoans: Water Fountains

On the Greek island of Crete, excavations have discovered conduits of multiple varieties. These supplied water and removed it, including water from waste and storms. Stone and terracotta were the elements of choice for these conduits. Whenever made from terracotta, they were commonly in the form of canals and circular or rectangular piping. Among these were clay conduits which were U-shaped or a shortened, cone-like shape which have exclusively showed up in Minoan culture. Knossos Palace had an advanced plumbing system made of clay pipes which ran up to three meters under ground. Along with circulating water, the clay conduits of the Minoans were also made use of to gather water and store it. Thus, these pipes had to be able to: Subterranean Water Transportation: It’s not really known why the Minoans required to move water without it being enjoyed.

Quality Water Transportation: Considering the indicators, several historians advocate that these pipes were not connected to the popular water delivery system, providing the palace with water from a distinctive source.

Santa Maria in Cosmedin: A Roman Fountain Worthy of Visiting

Archaeologists and restorers alike have stumbled upon a wealth of pagan and Christian relics on the site of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The well-known marble sculpture called the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth) is located in the portico of the basilica nearby. The situation of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was not in a well-known area and was, therefore, not often visited. Due to the fact that the nearby area was depressing and mostly uninhabited, people were not particularly interested in visiting it. It was a this time that Pope Clement XI mandated the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri to put up a fountain to modernize the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin. Work on the church's infrastructure commenced on on August 11, 1717. After blessing of the first stone, medallions with the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were tossed into the foundation.

Keep Your Wall fountain Clean

Appropriate care and regular upkeep are important to the longevity of water fountains. Leaves, twigs, and bugs very often find their way into fountains, so it is vital to keep yours free from such things. Another factor is that water that is subjected to sunlight is susceptible to growing algae. In order to avoid this, there are some simple ingredients that can be added into the water, such as vinegar, sea salt, or hydrogen peroxide. Bleach can also be put into the water, but this is not the ideal option because it can sicken birds or other animals.

Experts advise that the typical garden fountain undergoes a thorough cleaning every 3-4 months. Before you can start washing it you must drain out all of the water. When it is empty, wash inside the reservoir with a gentle cleanser. A good tip is to use a toothbrush if there are small hard-to-reach spots. Any soap residue remaining on your fountain can harm it, so be sure it is all rinsed off.

Numerous organisms and calcium deposits can get inside the pump, so it is recommended to take it apart and clean it thoroughly. Soaking it in vinegar for a time will make it easier to clean. Neither rain water nor mineral water contain substances that will collect inside the pump, so use either over tap water if possible.

And finally, make sure the water level is consistently full in order to keep your fountain running optimally. Allowing the water to go below the pump’s intake level, can cause serious damage and even make the pump burn out - an undesired outcome!

Your Herb Garden: An Introduction

A lot of gardeners find that they are attracted to knowing more about herbal plants as they are simple to cultivate and fun to use in cooking. They're extremely easy to grow both indoors or outdoors, and offer instant gratification as you can make use of them in a wide variety of recipes including soups, marinades and sauces. Maintaining your herb garden all year is simple to do as you can plant the natural herbs in pots and move them in when the weather conditions starts to turn cold. It is often sensible to allow perennial herbs to comprise the bulk of your garden, as these will not die and require replanting at the end of the year. Consider the sorts of flavors you prefer cooking with (and eating)when selecting herbs for your garden. Customize your herb garden to the kind of food you most consistently cook. For example, plant cilantro if you prefer Mexican or Thai food. If you fix more Italian food, definitely plant basil, oregano, and thyme. It is important to figure out where your herbs will be cultivated in order to decide which herbs will thrive. If you live in a mild climate, with warm winters and relatively cool summers, it may be easiest to plant straight into the ground. It is simultaneously an attractive way to landscape your yard and an easy way to go because you do not need to assemble or buy planters.

If you don't want to your plants to die or become dormant after becoming exposed to overwhelming weather conditions, you can still rely on planters. They are handy and flexible and you can relocate indoors at any time.


Gardens of Chatworth and its Revelation Water Feature
Angela Conner, the famous British sculptor, designed “Revelation,” the newest addition to the ornamental exterior fountains of Chatsworth. In commemoration of the Queen’s 80th birthday, she was mandated by the late 11th Duke of Devonshire to create a... read more
The Father Of Roman Fountain Design And Style
There are countless celebrated water fountains in Rome’s city center. One of the greatest sculptors and artists of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini designed, created and constructed almost all of them. He was additionally a urban designer,... read more
Agrippa's Amazing, but Mostly Forgotten Water-Lifting Device
The praise Agrippa’s water-lifting creation was given from Andrea Bacci in 1588 was short-lived. It may be that in 1592 when Rome’s latest channel, the... read more