The Impact of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Landscaping

The introduction of the Normans in the 2nd half of the eleventh century irreparably improved The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. The Normans were much better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. But yet there was no time for home life, domestic design, and adornment until the Normans had conquered the whole region. Most often designed upon windy peaks, castles were straightforward constructs that allowed their inhabitants to spend time and space to offensive and defensive strategies, while monasteries were rambling stone buildings frequently added in only the most fecund, extensive valleys. a-356__45392.jpg The barren fortresses did not provide for the quiet avocation of farming. The purest example of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture existent presently is Berkeley Castle. It is said that the keep was created during William the Conqueror's time. A spacious terrace recommended for walking and as a way to stop attackers from mining under the walls runs about the building. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an old yew hedge cut into the form of crude battlements.

Design Options for Garden Water Features

If you want to chill out for a moment and get some fresh air, a garden is the perfect place. While there is a lot of work involved in getting a new one designed and made, it is worth the effort for anyone who will be using it. A beautiful garden will increase any property value, as “curb appeal” is vital to the market value. There are many ways to enhance the visual appeal of a yard, like adding flowers and plants, artwork, an attractive pavement, or a water feature.

The visual appeal of any garden can be tremendously improved by just adding a water fountain. Where you once had a basic area, you will now have an outdoor wonderland.

The ambiance of your garden will be very different once you install a water fountain, as the calming sounds of the water will create an oasis for you as well as for the friendly birds and animals it will lure. Before you know it, the whole garden or yard will have a new center of attention.

Use a Garden Fountain To Help Improve Air Quality

You can liven up your environment by adding an indoor wall fountain. Installing this sort of indoor feature positively affects your senses and your general well-being. If you doubt the benefits of water fountains, just look at the research supporting this theory. Modern-day appliances create positive ions which are balanced out by the negative ions released by water features. Beneficial changes to both your emotional and physical health take place when the negative ions are overpowered by the positive ions. A rise in serotonin levels is experienced by those who have one of these water features making them more alert, peaceful and lively. Due to the negative ions it produces, an indoor wall fountain can improve your spirits and also eliminate impurities in the air. They also help to reduce allergies, pollutants as well as other types of irritants. Finally, these fountains absorb dust particles and micro-organisms in the air thereby affecting your general health for the better.

Early Water Supply Techniques in The City Of Rome

Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct assembled in Rome, started providing the people living in the hills with water in 273 BC, even though they had depended on natural springs up until then.

When aqueducts or springs weren’t accessible, people living at raised elevations turned to water drawn from underground or rainwater, which was made available by wells and cisterns. From the early sixteenth century, water was routed to Pincian Hill by using the underground channel of Acqua Vergine. Through its initial building and construction, pozzi (or manholes) were placed at set intervals alongside the aqueduct’s channel. Whilst these manholes were created to make it simpler and easier to maintain the aqueduct, it was also feasible to use buckets to remove water from the channel, which was employed by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he acquired the property in 1543 to his death in 1552. Despite the fact that the cardinal also had a cistern to amass rainwater, it didn’t produce enough water. Thankfully, the aqueduct sat just below his residence, and he had a shaft established to give him accessibility.

Backyard Elegance: Garden Water fountains

These days you can just put your garden water fountain against a wall since they no longer need to be connected to a pond. Nowadays, you can eliminate digging, difficult installations and cleaning the pond. Plumbing work is no longer a necessity since this feature in now self-contained. Regularly adding water is the only necessity. Drain the water from the basin and add clean water whenever the surrounding area is not clean.

Outdoor wall features come in lots of different materials, but they are usually made of stone and metal. You must know the look you are shooting for in order to decide on the best suited material. It is important to buy hand-crafted, lightweight garden wall features which are also easy to put up. Be sure that your fountain is manageable as far as maintenance is concerned. In general, most installations are straight forward because the only pieces which may require scrutiny are the re-circulating pump and the hanging hardware whereas other kinds of setups can be a bit more difficult. It is very easy to liven up your yard with these kinds of fountains.


Chatsworth: The Revelation Water Feature
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California's Outdoor Garden Fountain Analysis and Results
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Water Transport Solutions in Ancient Rome
Prior to 273, when the first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was established in Roma, citizens who dwelled on hills had to journey even further down to collect their... read more
Agrippa’s Magnificent Water-lifting Appliance
Though the machine created by Agrippa for lifting water earned the esteem of Andrea Bacci in 1588, it appeared to fade not very long after. It could be that the Acqua Felice, the second of Rome’s earliest modern aqueducts... read more
Water Fountains: The Minoan Civilization
During archaeological excavations on the island of Crete, a variety of sorts of conduits have been discovered. They not merely aided with the water sources, they extracted rainwater and wastewater as well. The majority were prepared from... read more
Fountains: Pets, Flying Visitors and You
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