Water Fountains: Important in any Japanese Landscapes

twf038-ei__38714.jpg You will seldom see a Japanese garden that does not feature a water feature. The Japanese water fountain is considered symbolic of spiritual and physical cleaning, so it is customarily placed in or near the doorways of temples or homes. Since water is the most essential element of any Japanese fountain, the design is normally simple.

Bamboo is a popular material to use for spouts and therefore often integrated into water fountains. The water flows through the bamboo spout and accumulates in the stone basin below. It must have a worn-down, weathered look as well. It is important that the overall look of the fountain goes with the natural surroundings, so people typically place plants, rocks, and flowers around it. To the owner of the fountain, it clearly is more than just nice decor.

An alternate possibility is to find a stone fountain, set it on a bed of rock, and place live bamboo and pretty stones around it. After some years it starts to really blend into the surrounding nature as moss blankets the stone.

Wherever there is sufficient open space, you have the possibility to build a more extensive water feature. Charming add-ons include a babbling creek or tiny pool with koi in it.

Water, though, does not have to be used in a Japanese fountain. It is okay to use representations of water in place of real water, such as sand, rocks, or natural stones. The semblance of a creek with moving water can also be achieved by putting flat stones very closely together.

Rome’s First Water Delivery Systems

Previous to 273, when the very first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was established in Roma, inhabitants who lived on hillsides had to go further down to collect their water from natural sources. Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns were the lone techniques around at the time to supply water to segments of greater elevation. From the beginning of the sixteenth century, water was routed to Pincian Hill by using the underground channel of Acqua Vergine.

Throughout the length of the aqueduct’s network were pozzi, or manholes, that gave entry. During the some 9 years he owned the residence, from 1543 to 1552, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi used these manholes to take water from the channel in containers, though they were originally designed for the purpose of maintaining and maintaining the aqueduct. The cistern he had constructed to obtain rainwater wasn’t satisfactory to meet his water demands. That is when he decided to create an access point to the aqueduct that ran below his property.

Water Features: An Invitation for Your Cherished Pets and Flying Visitors

Wildlife and pets are naturally drawn to bird feeders and water fountains. Drinking, washing, and preening are some of the things birds need to do. Birds such as robins, thrushes, orioles, or warblers are usually attracted to the flowing water of fountains. Many birds prefer moving water versus standing water, making an outdoor fountain even more enticing than a bowl-shaped bird bath. Trickling fountains which spatter water have a more detectable sound, this attracting even more birds.

As dog owners will agree these outdoor fountains are a great water resource for the four-legged creatures. During the sweltering summer months, dogs and cats will be outside searching for fresh water. Because water in fountains is consistently moving, they do not need much cleaning, whereas the still water of birdbaths collect debris and require more care.

An Introduction to Garden Herbs

Natural herb gardening is a subject that many gardeners are drawn to. They're amazingly easy to grow both indoors or outdoors, and provide instant gratification as you can incorporate them in a wide variety of recipes including soups, marinades and sauces. An herb garden is easy to maintain with minimum daily care, and planter gardens and potted herbs can be easily moved inside once autumn frosts begin, making it possible to maintain an herb garden all year long. It is often sensible to allow perennial herbs to comprise the bulk of your garden, as these will not die and require replanting at the end of the year. Consider the types of flavors you prefer cooking with (and eating)when choosing herbs for your garden. Tailor your herb garden to the kind of food you most consistently cook. For example, plant cilantro if you prefer Mexican or Thai food. If you make more Italian food, definitely plant basil, oregano, and thyme. You must determine where your herb garden will be grown in order to figure out which herbs will grow best. It will be best to plant right into the ground if your climate is on the milder side, with seasons that are not intense. This makes your property look beautiful without the problem of making or buying planters. If you do not want to your plants to perish or become dormant after becoming exposed to extreme weather conditions, you can always rely on planters. They are handy and convenient and you can relocate inside at any time.

The Circulation of Outdoor Garden Fountain Engineering Knowledge in Europe

Spreading pragmatic hydraulic information and fountain design ideas all through Europe was accomplished with the written papers and illustrated books of the time. An un-named French water feature designer was an internationally celebrated hydraulic leader in the late 1500's. With imperial commissions in Brussels, London and Germany, he started his work in Italy, acquiring experience in garden design and grottoes with incorporated and ingenious water hydraulics. “The Principles of Moving Forces”, a book that turned into the essential text on hydraulic technology and engineering, was authored by him toward the end of his lifetime in France. The book updated important hydraulic breakthroughs since classical antiquity as well as explaining contemporary hydraulic technologies. Archimedes, the developer of the water screw, had his work featured and these included a mechanized way to move water. Two hidden vessels heated up by sunlight in a area next to the creative water feature were found in an illustration. What occurs is the hot water expanded, goes up and locks up the pipes heading to the fountain, consequently leading to activation. Pumps, water wheels, water attributes and garden pond designs are covered in the book.


The Distribution of Garden Water Fountains Manufacturing Knowledge in Europe
Contributing to the advancement of scientific technology were the printed papers and illustrated books of the day. They were also the primary means of transmitting useful hydraulic information and fountain design suggestions... read more
California's Outdoor Garden Fountain Research and Results
The first implementation of a soda tax in the US came in February 2014, when it was approved by the city of Berkley, California. The taxation is thought to minimize sugary drink intake and increase the consumption of healthier drinks, such as water from... read more
California's Outdoor Fountains Research and Results
Berkley, CA residents voted for a sugar-sweetened beverages tax in February 2014, the earliest of its kind in the United States. The tax is believed to lessen sugary drink intake... read more
California's Water Fountain Analysis and Results
In February 2014, a charge on sugar-sweetened beverages was approved in Berkley, CA, making it the first city in the United States to create such a regulation. The aim is to get... read more