The Impact of the Norman Invasion on Anglo Saxon Gardens

The Anglo-Saxon way of life was considerably changed by the arrival of the Normans in the later eleventh century. 115439-7705__00781.jpg At the time of the conquest, the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons in building design and cultivation. But before concentrating on home-life or having the occasion to contemplate domestic architecture or decoration, the Normans had to subjugate an entire society. Monasteries and castles served different purposes, so while monasteries were large stone structures constructed in only the most productive, wide dales, castles were set upon blustery knolls where the occupants focused on learning offensive and defensive tactics. Tranquil pastimes such as gardening were out of place in these desolate citadels. The best example of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture existent in modern times is Berkeley Castle. The keep is rumored to have been invented during the time of William the Conqueror. A massive terrace serves as a discouraging factor to invaders who would try to mine the walls of the building. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an aged yew hedge trimmed into the figure of crude battlements.

Alluring Garden Multi-Level Water Elements

For many years now now, multi-tiered fountains have been common, particularly in gardens.

Mediterranean countries such as Italy and Spain generally have many multi-level fountains. Public squares and building courtyards are very popular areas where you will see tiered fountains. Tiered fountains come in a wide variety of designs, from elaborately carved styles to relatively simple types.

Traditional or classic locations are perfect spots for them. The fountain should blend right into the setting as if it has been there since the beginning.

Enhance Your Yard with the Use of Feng Shui

Incorporating feng shui design into your yard will help spread its energy into your home and your life.

Do not be concerned if your yard is considered too little for feng shui design, as size is relatively unimportant. A sizeable space is great for those privileged enough to have it, but a more compact area can still be useful in feng shui design.

The main feng shui tools can be used for your home decor as well as your garden design. Your yard's bagua, or energy map, is an off-shoot of your home’s bagua, so it is essential to determine your home’s first.

Before getting started, make sure you comprehend the five elements of feng shui so that you can make the most of their energy.

The northeast corner of your garden, for instance, connects to personal growth and self-cultivation energy, and Earth is the feng shui element that is necessary to incorporate it. Since rocks epitomize the Earth element in feng shui, you might consider putting some into a peaceful Zen garden in the northeast corner of your yard.

Consider integrating a water feature into these feng shui areas: East (health & family), North (career & path in life), or Southeast (money and abundance).

Public Water Fountains Around Berkley, Ca

The very first American city to implement a tax on sweet drinks was Berkley, California in February 2014. The purpose is to have people drinking more water and other natural beverages by elevating the price tag of soda and other sugar-sweetened drinks. Research was completed to make sure that citizens of all races and economic classes had access to clean, working drinking fountains. By creating a mobile GPS application, researchers were able to amass data on Berkley’s drinking water fountains.

This information was cross-referenced with demographic information on race and income collected from the US Census Community Study database. Evaluations were made between the location and demographic data, exposing whether class differences affected availability to clean, working water fountains. The neighboring demographics of every single water fountain location was made note of, while additionally determining whether race or income levels made a huge difference in the state of repair of each individual fountain. Some of the water fountains were not clean or plugged, despite the fact that the majority of fountains worked.

Landscape Elegance: Garden Fountains

Having a pond near your garden water fountain is no longer required because they can now be situated on a wall close by. In addition, it is no longer necessary to dig, deal with a complicated installation procedure or tidy up the pond. Due to its self-contained quality, this fountain no longer requires plumbing work. Adding water on a regular } basis is necessary, however.

Your pond and the proximate area are certain to get dirty at some point so be sure to drain the water from the basin and replace it with clean water.

Stone and metal are most prevalent elements employed to construct garden wall fountains even though they can be made of other materials as well. The most suitable material for your water feature depends completely on the style you choose. It is best to look for garden wall fountains which are easy to hang, handmade and lightweight. Ensure that your fountain is manageable as far as maintenance is concerned. While there may be some cases in which the setup needs a bit more care, generally the majority require a minimal amount of work to install since the only two parts which call for scrutiny are the re-circulating pump and the hanging parts. It is very simple to liven up your garden with these kinds of fountains.


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