Ancient Greece: The Roots of Garden Statue Design

Nearly all sculptors were paid by the temples to enhance the intricate pillars and archways with renderings of the gods until the stage came to a close and many Greeks started to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred, when it became more typical for sculptors to portray everyday men and women as well. Sometimes, a depiction of wealthy families' ancestors would be commissioned to be located inside of huge familial burial tombs, and portraiture, which would be copied by the Romans upon their conquest of Greek civilization, also became commonplace. It is wrong to say that the arts had one function during the course of The Classical Greek period, a duration of creative accomplishment during which the use of sculpture and various other art forms evolved. or-107__06636.jpg Whether to gratify a visual craving or to celebrate the figures of religion, Greek sculpture was actually an inventive method in the ancient world, which could be what attracts our attention today.

Anglo Saxon Grounds at the Time of the Norman Conquest

The Anglo-Saxon way of life was considerably changed by the appearance of the Normans in the later eleventh century. The talent of the Normans exceeded the Anglo-Saxons' in design and farming at the time of the conquest. Nonetheless the Normans had to pacify the overall territory before they could concentrate on home life, domestic architecture, and decoration. Most often constructed upon windy summits, castles were basic structures that enabled their inhabitants to devote time and space to offensive and defensive strategies, while monasteries were rambling stone buildings frequently added in only the most fecund, extensive valleys. Peaceful pastimes such as gardening were out of place in these destitute citadels. The early Anglo-Norman style of architecture is represented in Berkeley Castle, which is perhaps the most untouched sample we have. The keep is thought to date from the time of William the Conqueror. A large terrace intended for walking and as a means to stop enemies from mining below the walls runs about the building. On one of these terraces lies a charming bowling green: it's covered in grass and flanked by an old yew hedge that is formed into the shape of rough ramparts.

Early Water Delivery Solutions in The City Of Rome

Prior to 273, when the very first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was made in Rome, citizens who lived on hills had to travel further down to get their water from natural sources. Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns were the only techniques around at the time to supply water to areas of high elevation. To provide water to Pincian Hill in the early sixteenth century, they utilized the new tactic of redirecting the flow from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground channel. Pozzi, or manholes, were constructed at standard stretches along the aqueduct’s channel.

Whilst these manholes were created to make it simpler and easier to protect the aqueduct, it was also possible to use buckets to extract water from the channel, which was practiced by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he invested in the property in 1543 to his passing in 1552. The cistern he had made to obtain rainwater wasn’t sufficient to meet his water needs. Fortunately, the aqueduct sat directly below his residence, and he had a shaft opened to give him access.

Visit the World’s Tallest Water Works

Known as the King Fahd Fountain (1985) found in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, it is the highest continuously operating fountain in the world. The water reaches the fantastic height of 260 meters (853 feet) over the Red Sea.

The World Cup Fountain located in the Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), comes in 2nd place with water jetting up 202 meters (663 feet).

The Gateway Geyser (1995) found next to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri is #3 on the list. It propels water 192 meters (630 feet) into the air and is currently the tallest fountain in the USA.

The next on the list is Port Fountain located in Karachi, Pakistan which shoots water 190 meters (620 feet) into the sky.

Number 4 is Water at Fountain Park (1970) situated in Fountain Hills, Arizona - it can attain up to 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are running, even though it normally only hits up to 91 meters (300 feet).

The Dubai Fountain was opened in 2009 near to Burj Khalifa - the world's highest building.

The fountain propels water up to 73 meters (240 feet) and performs once every half hour to pre-recorded music - and even has extreme shooters, not used in every show, which reach up to 150 meters (490 feet).

Propelling water up to 147 meters (482 feet) high, the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet (1970) in Canberra, Australia, comes in 7th.

The last impressive fountain to make the list is the Jet d’Eau (1951) in Geneva, Switzerland, measuring 140 meters (460 feet).

Where did Landscape Fountains Originate from?

The incredible construction of a fountain allows it to provide clean water or shoot water high into air for dramatic effect and it can also serve as an excellent design feature to enhance your home.

Pure functionality was the original role of fountains. People in cities, towns and villages received their drinking water, as well as water to bathe and wash, from aqueducts or springs in the area. Up to the late nineteenth century, water fountains had to be near an aqueduct or reservoir and more elevated than the fountain so that gravity could make the water flow down or jet high into the air. Fountains were an optimal source of water, and also served to decorate living areas and celebrate the designer. Animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks were often times used by Romans to beautify their fountains. Muslims and Moorish landscaping designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller versions of the gardens of paradise. King Louis XIV of France wanted to demonstrate his superiority over nature by including fountains in the Gardens of Versailles. The Romans of the 17th and 18th centuries created baroque decorative fountains to glorify the Popes who commissioned them as well as to mark the location where the restored Roman aqueducts entered the city.

Since indoor plumbing became the standard of the day for fresh, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely ornamental.

Fountains using mechanical pumps instead of gravity enabled fountains to provide recycled water into living spaces as well as create special water effects.

Modern-day fountains function mostly as decoration for open spaces, to honor individuals or events, and compliment entertainment and recreational gatherings.


Keep Your Outdoor Water fountain Clean
One final tip for keeping your fountain in top working condition is to check the water level every day and make sure it is full. Allowing the water to go below the pump’s intake level, can cause severe... read more
Caring For Fountains
In order to avoid any damage, such as cracking, from freezing water during the cold winter months, relocate your pump indoors. All in all, an outdoor wall fountain can last for any number of years with proper upkeep and cleaning. read more
Outdoor Water Features: Honor the Life of a Person you Loved
People you have lost can be commemorated in a nice loving manner with garden fountains. Success and a good life lived can be remembered with the flowing water, which is a figurative depiction of... read more