The First Water Garden Fountains

Towns and communities depended on practical water fountains to conduct water for cooking, bathing, and cleaning from nearby sources like lakes, streams, or springs. In the days before electricity, the spray of fountains was powered by gravity only, usually using an aqueduct or water source located far away in the nearby hills. Typically used as monuments and commemorative structures, water fountains have impressed people from all over the globe throughout the ages. c_077__27676.jpg If you saw the earliest fountains, you would not recognize them as fountains. The 1st accepted water fountain was a stone basin carved that was used as a container for drinking water and ceremonial functions. Natural stone basins are theorized to have been 1st utilized around 2000 BC. The spray of water emerging from small spouts was pressured by gravity, the lone power source designers had in those days. The placement of the fountains was determined by the water source, which is why you’ll commonly find them along reservoirs, waterways, or streams. Fountains with ornamental Gods, mythological monsters, and creatures began to show up in Rome in about 6 BC, made from stone and bronze. A well-designed collection of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public fountains supplied with fresh water.

The Garden of Chatsworth and its Grandiose Cascading Fountain

The Cascade garden fountain forms a dazzling focal point to the landscape and rests at the rear of Chatsworth House. Twenty-four irregularly spread stone steps stretch down the hillside for 200 yards in the direction of the residence. The Cascade, also totally gravity fed, is primarily based on a 17th century French design. This water fountain has been kept the same after being designed for the first Duke of Devonshire in 1696. Standing at the peak of the fountain is the Cascade House, from which water runs downward. Decorated on the outside with sea creatures in bas-relief, the residence is a smaller building.

Water pressure to the Cascade can be increased on specific occasions, meaning the Cascade House becomes part of the Cascade pageant, as water circulates through conduits on its roof and from the mouths of its carved marine creatures, just before continuing all the way down the Cascade. The sound of the water cascading changes as it goes down the Cascades, providing a fantastic and relaxing accompaniment to a stroll through the gardens and formed by the slight difference of every step. In 2004, Chatsworth's Cascade was voted the best water fountain in England.

How Water Fountains Bring to Your Every-Day Life

There are many advantages to be gained from outdoor fountains including improved air quality as well as wonderful sounds and sights. They will make you more joyful, healthier and give you a wonderful place to gather with people you care about. Different people, however, notice that their fountain is special to them for many personal reasons. It might take you back to a special time or place you fondly remember. It might remind you of that special friend. You could also turn into a monument to a special loved one. Whatever the case, it is something you will enjoy for many years.

Common Water Fountains Seen in Japanese Landscapes

Japanese gardens usually include a water element. Since Japanese water fountains are seen as symbolic of physical and spiritual cleansing, they are often positioned at the entrance of buildings or shrines. It is uncommon to see elaborately -designed Japanese fountains because the emphasis is supposed to be on the water itself.

Moreover, water fountains with bamboo spouts are very prevalent. The basin, which tends to be built of stones, receives the water as it trickles down from the bamboo spout. In addition, it is essential to the overall look that it appear as if it has been outdoors for a long time. Natural elements such as plants and rocks are frequently put in place around a fountain so that it seems more connected with nature. Clearly this fountain is much more than merely a pretty add-on.

If you want to get a bit more creative, try a stone fountain decorated with live bamboo and other natural elements placed on a bed of gravel. Eventually moss begins to creep over the stones and cover them, and as that happens the area starts to look more and more like a natural part of the landscape.

Larger water features can be designed if there is enough open land. Give some thought to adding a delightful final touch like a pond filled with koi or a tiny stream.

However, water does not have to be an element in a Japanese water fountain. Pretty rocks, sand, or gravel are good alternatives to actual water, as they can be used to symbolize the water. Natural rocks that are smooth and laid out tightly together can be used to give the illusion of moving water.

The Famous Revelation Garden Fountain at the Gardens of Chatsworth

Designed by well-known English sculptor Angela Conner, Revelation is the latest addition to the Chatsworth decorative outdoor fountains. In 2004/5 she was commissioned by the late 11th Duke of Devonshire to design a limited edition bust of Queen Elizabeth, in brass and steel, for the Queen’s 80th birthday. “Revelation” was installed in 1999 in Jack Pond, one of Chatsworth’s most seasoned ponds. The four big steel petals close and open with the circulation of water, alternately camouflaging and revealing a gold colored globe at the sculpture’s center. Standing five meters high and five meters wide, the globe was made from steel and then coated with gold dust. The petals move based on the movement of water, making this installation an interesting addition to the Gardens of Chatsworth.


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