The First Water Fountains

p_717__14620.jpg As originally developed, water fountains were crafted to be practical, directing water from creeks or reservoirs to the residents of towns and settlements, where the water could be used for cooking food, washing, and drinking. The force of gravity was the power source of water fountains up until the close of the nineteenth century, using the potent power of water traveling down hill from a spring or creek to push the water through valves or other outlets. Striking and spectacular, prominent water fountains have been designed as monuments in many civilizations. Simple in design, the very first water fountains did not appear much like present fountains. The first recognized water fountain was a natural stone basin created that was used as a receptacle for drinking water and ceremonial purposes. Natural stone basins are theorized to have been first used around the year 2000 BC. The spraying of water emerging from small jets was pressured by gravity, the lone power source builders had in those days. Situated near aqueducts or creeks, the practical public water fountains supplied the local populace with fresh drinking water. Fountains with elaborate decoration began to show up in Rome in about 6 BC, usually gods and wildlife, made with natural stone or bronze. A well-designed system of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public fountains supplied with fresh water.

Santa Maria in Cosmedin: A Roman Fountain Worthy of Experiencing

Remarkable discoveries of both Christian and pagan roots have been made by archaeologists and restorers in the area of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth} is a recognized marble sculpture found at the entrance of the nearby basilica. Built in 1719, the Santa Maria in Cosmedin water fountain was relatively unknown and located far from sight making it difficult to visit. For the most part, people stayed away from the area because it was a drab and neglected part of the city. It was then that the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was commissioned by Pope Clement XI to erect a water fountain in the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in an attempt to make the area more popular. Work on the church's foundation started on on August 11, 1717.

Medallions bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were thrown in the foundation following the consecration of the first stone.

Free Water Fountains Around Berkley, Ca

The very first US city to implement a tax on high calorie drinks was Berkley, California in February 2014. The purpose is to have people drinking more water and other natural drinks by elevating the cost of soda and other sugar-sweetened drinks. First, the city conducted an analysis to evaluate whether residents had easy access to working drinking water fountains. Using data amassed by a mobile GPS app, researchers were able to determine the condition of active water fountains in Berkley. Researchers then used US Census data to find out even more about the economic and racial factors that affected the city. The professionals looked to use both data sets to figure out if demographics were linked to drinking water fountain access. They were in a position to confirm the demographics of regions surrounding established fountains, as well as the cleanliness and maintenance of fountains across different areas. While the greater part of the fountains were in working order, an escalating quantity were revealed to be in a bad state of repairs.

How Mechanical Designs And Styles of Fountains Spread

The circulated papers and illustrated books of the time contributed to the evolution of scientific technology, and were the chief methods of spreading practical hydraulic concepts and fountain ideas all through Europe. An un-named French water feature designer was an internationally renowned hydraulic pioneer in the late 1500's. By creating landscapes and grottoes with incorporated and clever water attributes, he began his career in Italy by getting Royal commissions in Brussels, London and Germany. The text, “The Principles of Moving Forces,” written near the end of his life in France, turned out to be the fundamental writing on hydraulic mechanics and engineering.

Updating vital hydraulic advancements of classical antiquity, the publication also highlights modern hydraulic technologies. Archimedes, the inventor of the water screw, had his work featured and these integrated a mechanical way to move water. Two hidden containers warmed by sunlight in a room next to the creative fountain were presented in an illustration. Actuating the fountain is hot liquid which expands and ascends to seal up the pipes. The book also includes garden ponds, water wheels, water feature concepts.

Integrate the Vitality of Feng Shui into Your Garden

When applied to your yard, feng shui design will draw its beneficial energy into your home as well.

Do not be concerned if your yard is considered too small for feng shui design, as size is relatively unimportant. It is terrific to have a huge space to work with, but do not worry if the area is small since you can always introduce feng shui design.

Whether you are introducing feng shui design to your home or garden, the approaches are the same. Since the energy map, or bagua, of your garden is an extension of your home's bagua, you will need to start off by understanding the bagua of the house.

Before getting underway, make sure you grasp the five elements of feng shui so that you can optimize their energy.

Feng shui design calls for the Earth element, for example, to be integrated into the northeastern corner of your garden, as that area connects to self-cultivation and personal growth energy. This could be the optimal place to put a meditative Zen garden with some alluring stones because these represent the Earth element in feng shui.

A water element is a great add-on to the following feng shui areas: Southeast (money & abundance), East (health & family), and North (career & path in life).


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