Modern Garden Decoration: Garden Fountains and their Roots

A fountain, an incredible piece of engineering, not only supplies drinking water as it pours into a basin, it can also launch water high into the air for a noteworthy effect.

Pure functionality was the original purpose of fountains. Cities, towns and villages made use of nearby aqueducts or springs to provide them with drinking water as well as water where they could bathe or wash. Up to the late nineteenth century, water fountains had to be near an aqueduct or reservoir and higher than the fountain so that gravity could make the water move downwards or shoot high into the air. Fountains were an optimal source of water, and also served to decorate living areas and celebrate the designer. p_454__54867.jpg Roman fountains often depicted images of animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks. Muslims and Moorish garden designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller models of the gardens of paradise. To show his dominance over nature, French King Louis XIV included fountains in the Garden of Versailles. The Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries were extolled with baroque style fountains built to mark the arrival points of Roman aqueducts.

Urban fountains made at the end of the 19th century functioned only as decorative and celebratory adornments since indoor plumbing provided the necessary drinking water. Gravity was replaced by mechanical pumps in order to permit fountains to bring in clean water and allow for beautiful water displays.

Contemporary fountains are used to adorn public spaces, honor individuals or events, and enhance recreational and entertainment events.

Garden Fountain Builders Through History

Fountain designers were multi-talented people from the 16th to the late 18th century, often working as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one.

Leonardo da Vinci, a Renaissance artist, was notable as a imaginative intellect, inventor and scientific master. The forces of nature inspired him to research the properties and motion of water, and due to his curiosity, he methodically documented his findings in his now renowned notebooks. Coupling imagination with hydraulic and horticultural abilities, early Italian fountain developers modified private villa settings into amazing water displays full with emblematic implications and natural charm. The humanist Pirro Ligorio, distinguished for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden design, delivered the vision behind the wonders in Tivoli. Other water feature engineers, masterminding the extraordinary water marbles, water functions and water humor for the various properties in the vicinity of Florence, were tried and tested in humanist subject areas and classical scientific readings.

Where are the Planet's Most Impressive Water Fountains?

The King Fahd Fountain ( crafted in 1985) in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, has the tallest continually -running fountain on the planet. The water reaches the astonishing height of 260 meters (853 feet) above the Red Sea.

Reaching water heights of 202 meters (663 feet), the World Cup Fountain in the Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), is recognized as the second highest worldwide.

The Gateway Geyser (1995) situated next to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri is number three on the list. Considered the highest fountain in the United States, it jets water 192 meters (630 feet) into the sky.

The next on the list is Port Fountain located in Karachi, Pakistan which rockets water 190 meters (620 feet) into the sky.

Fountain Park in Fountain Hills, Arizona is number 4: it can jet water 171 meters (561 feet) high when the three pumps operate at full capacity, it is usually limited to 91 meters (300 feet).

The Dubai Fountain opened in 2009 next to Burj Khalifa - the world's highest building. It dances to pre-recorded music every half hour and propels water to the height of 73 meters (240 feet) - it also has extreme shooters which reach 150 meters (490 feet), though these are only used on special occasions.

Constructed in 1970, the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra, Australia, comes in at number 7 shooting water up to 147 meters (482 feet).

The last impressive fountain to make the list is the Jet d’Eau (1951) in Geneva, Switzerland, measuring 140 meters (460 feet).

Putting in a Wall Water Fountain in Your House

Just about any living space will benefit from the addition of a wall fountain. Peace and relaxation will fill the room due to the comforting sound of the waterfall. People tend to hang wall fountains in any room where folks meet, but most commonly in foyers. Although the instructions for putting one up are fairly straightforward there will be slight variations depending on the model. There are typically several pieces that need to be put together. First you should attach the base to the upper part, then connect the pump and the tubing. It is advisable to carefully look at the instructions before you begin the assembly process. It is typically a straight-forward process. Be aware, though, that the design you have might require a somewhat different process.

Another person can be helpful to hold the wall fountain in the correct position so that you can mark the wall. To ensure a straight line, use a level. Both the top and the bottom should be marked. There is more than one way to install a wall fountain. There are slots on the back which can be hung onto the screws you put on the wall. Alternatively, you can affix brackets to the wall and use those. This last one is the more advisable technique, especially if your fountain is large. Determine where the brackets need to be located and mark the wall as required. To insert the drywall anchors, first put pilot holes into the wall. Gently hammer the anchors into your wall. The brackets can then be mounted on the wall utilizing a screwdriver or wireless drill. The wall fountain is ready to be placed onto the brackets. Check to be certain it is both secure and level. If the alignment is right, it’s time to put in water. Make sure there is sufficient water to cover the pump. At this point plug it in and the water will start to flow.

The water should fill the basin to within an inch of the upper end. Note that it will overflow when not pumping if you fill it to the very top. Whenever the pump is turned off the water all settles at the bottom of the basin, causing the water level to rise. When the fountain is too full, water can spill out and cause damage to the nearby area.

Anglo Saxon Gardens During the Norman Conquest

The introduction of the Normans in the 2nd half of the 11th century irreparably transformed The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. The Normans were better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. But there was no time for home life, domesticated design, and decoration until the Normans had overcome the whole region. Castles were more basic constructions and often constructed on blustery hills, where their people spent both time and space to practicing offense and defense, while monasteries were major stone buildings, commonly situated in the widest, most fruitful hollows. Gardening, a quiet occupation, was unfeasible in these fruitless fortifications. The finest specimen of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture existent today is Berkeley Castle. The keep is thought to date from the time of William the Conqueror. An enormous terrace encompasses the building, serving as an impediment to attackers wanting to excavate under the castle walls. A picturesque bowling green, enveloped in grass and surrounded by battlements cut out of an ancient yew hedge, creates one of the terraces.


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