The Father Of Roman Water Fountain Design And Style

There are countless celebrated Roman fountains in its city center. One of the greatest sculptors and artists of the 17th century, nearly all of them were planned, conceived and constructed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. His expertise as a water feature developer and also as a city designer, are evident throughout the avenues of Rome. A celebrated Florentine sculptor, Bernini's father guided his young son, and they ultimately moved to Rome to thoroughly exhibit their art, primarily in the form of community water fountains and water features. p-427__77310.jpg The young Bernini received praise from Popes and influential artists alike, and was an diligent employee. He was originally celebrated for his sculpture. An expert in historical Greek architecture, he utilized this knowledge as a starting point and melded it gracefully with Roman marble, most famously in the Vatican. Though he was influenced by many, Michelangelo had the most serious impact on him, both personally and professionally.

Where did Large Outdoor Fountains Begin?

The incredible architecture of a fountain allows it to provide clean water or shoot water high into air for dramatic effect and it can also serve as an excellent design feature to complete your home.

From the beginning, outdoor fountains were simply meant to serve as functional elements. People in cities, towns and villages received their drinking water, as well as water to bathe and wash, from aqueducts or springs in the area. Up to the late 19th century, water fountains had to be near an aqueduct or reservoir and higher than the fountain so that gravity could make the water move downwards or jet high into the air. Fountains were an optimal source of water, and also served to adorn living areas and memorialize the designer. Bronze or stone masks of animals and heroes were commonly seen on Roman fountains. To illustrate the gardens of paradise, Muslim and Moorish garden planners of the Middle Ages added fountains to their designs.

To show his prominence over nature, French King Louis XIV included fountains in the Garden of Versailles. Seventeen and 18 century Popes sought to exalt their positions by including decorative baroque-style fountains at the point where restored Roman aqueducts arrived into the city.

The end of the 19th century saw the increase in usage of indoor plumbing to provide drinking water, so urban fountains were relegated to strictly decorative elements. Fountains using mechanical pumps instead of gravity helped fountains to bring recycled water into living spaces as well as create unique water effects.

These days, fountains decorate public spaces and are used to recognize individuals or events and fill recreational and entertainment needs.

The Spectacular Cascade Water Fountain at the Garden of Chatsworth

At the back of Chatsworth House, the Cascade garden fountain forms a spectacular centerpiece to the landscape. For 200 yards alongside the dwelling is a collection of twenty-four irregularly positioned stone steps extending all the way down the hillside. Founded on a 17th century French design, the Cascade is also entirely gravity fed. Remaining unaltered since its inception, this water fountain was originally designed for the very first Duke of Devonshire in 1696. The Cascade House overlooks the fountain, where water gently flows downward. Decorated on the outside of the house with underwater creatures in bas-relief, the residence is a small construction.

Just before continuing down the Cascade, on important occasions water pressure to the Cascade can be increased, causing the Cascade House to become an element of the Cascade spectacle, as water runs through piping on its roof and originating from the mouths of its carved marine creatures. The sounds of the water plunging differs as it descends down the Cascades because of the slight variation in the size of each step thereby creating a fantastic and soothing accompaniment to a trek through the gardens. In 2004, Chatsworth's Cascade was named the best water fountain in the UK.

Ways Feng Shui Turn Your Garden into Place to Relax

When applied to your yard, feng shui design will bring its healthful energy into your home as well.

Do not fret if your yard is considered too small for feng shui design, as size is is not especially relevant. It is terrific to have a huge space to work with, but do not worry if the area is small since you can still incorporate feng shui design.

The same tools you employ to include feng shui design into your living space can be used in the garden. In order to know the energy map, or bagua, of your garden, you will first need to understand your home’s bagua.

It is also crucial to know the five elements in the theory of feng shui and how best to use each one to optimize its energy.

The northeast corner of your garden, for instance, connects to personal growth and self-cultivation energy, and Earth is the feng shui element that is essential to incorporate it. A perfect addition to the northeast corner of your yard might be a serene Zen garden decorated with natural stone, as they represent the Earth element in feng shui.

Consider incorporating a water feature into these feng shui areas: East (health & family), North (career & path in life), or Southeast (money and abundance).

Early Crete & The Minoans: Water Fountains

Archaeological digs in Minoan Crete in Greece have exposed several kinds of channels. They were used for water supply as well as removal of storm water and wastewater. They were typically constructed from terracotta or rock. Whenever clay was chosen, it was usually for canals as well as water pipes which came in rectangle-shaped or spherical shapes. There are a couple of examples of Minoan clay piping, those with a shortened cone form and a U-shape which haven’t been caught in any society ever since. Knossos Palace had a advanced plumbing system made of terracotta pipes which ran up to three meters under ground. Along with disbursing water, the clay water pipes of the Minoans were also used to amass water and accumulate it. Therefore, these piping had to be ready to: Below ground Water Transportation: This particular system’s invisible nature may mean that it was originally developed for some sort of ritual or to distribute water to limited groups. Quality Water Transportation: Given the data, a number of historians advocate that these pipes were not hooked up to the common water delivery process, supplying the castle with water from a various source.


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