The Famous Revelation Waterworks at the Gardens of Chatsworth

The popular British sculptor Angela Conner designed the Chatsworth decorative outdoor fountain called “Revelation.” She was delegated by the now deceased 11th Duke of Devonshire to make a limited edition bust of Queen Elizabeth, in 2004/5 in commemoration of the Queen’s 80th birthday celebration. 50025coqn__08059.jpg In 1999 Revelation was installed in Jack Pond, one of Chatsworth’s earliest ponds. Taking on the shape of four large petals which open and close with the flow of water, the steel water fountain alternately hides and reveals a gold colored globe at the center of the sculpture. A steel globe finished with gold dust was included in the sculpture, which rests five meters in height and five meters in width. The petals move depending on the circulation of water, making this installation an exciting addition to the Chatsworth Garden grounds.

A Water Fountain Your Cat Can Enjoy

Does hearing water flow from the tap make your cat come running? Does he drink from the toilet or touch the water in his bowl before trying it? Cats do not like to drink water that is not running, and this behavior shows this. In fact, they do not have a strong natural inclination to hydrate.

Felines in the wild actually get the water they need from meats containing water. For this reason, an instinctive desire for water never developed in felines.

Owner's of a household cat, on the other hand, need to make sure their cats get enough water because it is an important part of their overall health. With a cat fountain, you can be sure your cat has plenty of water available.

Limitless clean water will always be available to your pet if you install one. You can choose one you know your cat will like since they come in so many distinctive versions. There are fountains that always have nonstop flowing clean water while others have a basin which refills as your cat drinks from it.

The Origins Of Wall Fountains

A fountain, an amazing piece of engineering, not only supplies drinking water as it pours into a basin, it can also propel water high into the air for an extraordinary effect.

From the onset, outdoor fountains were soley meant to serve as functional elements. Cities, towns and villages made use of nearby aqueducts or springs to provide them with drinking water as well as water where they could bathe or wash. Up until the 19th century, fountains had to be higher and closer to a water supply, including aqueducts and reservoirs, in order to take advantage of gravity which fed the fountains. Designers thought of fountains as wonderful additions to a living space, however, the fountains also served to supply clean water and honor the designer responsible for building it.

Bronze or stone masks of wildlife and heroes were frequently seen on Roman fountains. To illustrate the gardens of paradise, Muslim and Moorish garden planners of the Middle Ages added fountains to their designs. King Louis XIV of France wanted to demonstrate his dominion over nature by including fountains in the Gardens of Versailles. To mark the entryway of the restored Roman aqueducts, the Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries commissioned the construction of baroque style fountains in the spot where the aqueducts entered the city of Rome

Since indoor plumbing became the norm of the day for fresh, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely decorative. The introduction of unique water effects and the recycling of water were 2 things made possible by swapping gravity with mechanical pumps.

Modern-day fountains function mostly as decoration for community spaces, to honor individuals or events, and enhance entertainment and recreational activities.

A True Roman Masterpiece: The Santa Maria Water Fountain in Cosmedin

Archaeologists and restorers on the lookout for pagan and Christian relics in Rome have stumbled upon a treasure trove of them in the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin. The celebrated marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth) is located in the portico of the basilica nearby. The situation of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was not in a well-known area and was, therefore, not frequently visited. It was said that there was very little to see in this area because it was abject and abandoned making it an unfriendly place to visit. It was a this time that Pope Clement XI mandated the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri to put up a water fountain to refurbish the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin.

August 11, 1717 saw the start of the task to lay down the foundation of the church. The first stone to be placed in the foundation was blessed and medallions bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were also thrown in.

The Main Characteristics of Ancient Greek Statues

The initial freestanding sculpture was developed by the Archaic Greeks, a recognized accomplishment since until then the sole carvings in existence were reliefs cut into walls and columns. For the most part the statues, or kouros figures, were of adolescent and desirable male or female (kore) Greeks. The kouroi, viewed as by the Greeks to symbolize beauty, had one foot extended out of a rigid forward-facing pose and the male statues were always unclothed, with a strong, strong shape. In 650 BC, life-sized forms of the kouroi began to be observed. The Archaic period was an amazing point of change for the Greeks as they expanded into new forms of government, created unique expressions of art, and achieved insights of the people and cultures outside of Greece. The Arcadian battles, the Spartan invasion of Samos, and other wars between city-states are instances of the sorts of battles that arose commonly, which is consistent with other times of historical change.


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