The Earliest Public Water Features

As initially developed, fountains were designed to be functional, directing water from streams or aqueducts to the residents of cities and settlements, where the water could be used for cooking, cleaning, and drinking. A source of water higher in elevation than the fountain was needed to pressurize the flow and send water spraying from the fountain's nozzle, a technology without equal until the late 19th century. brk-303-2__92712.jpg The appeal and wonder of fountains make them ideal for traditional monuments. If you saw the first fountains, you probably would not identify them as fountains. A stone basin, carved from rock, was the first fountain, utilized for holding water for drinking and religious purposes. Rock basins are thought to have been 1st used around the year 2000 BC. Gravity was the power source that controlled the earliest water fountains. The location of the fountains was determined by the water source, which is why you’ll usually find them along reservoirs, canals, or streams. Animals, Gods, and spectral figures dominated the very early decorative Roman fountains, starting to show up in about 6 B.C.. The impressive aqueducts of Rome delivered water to the incredible public fountains, most of which you can travel to today.

Instructions for Putting in a Wall Water Feature

Any space will benefit from the addition of a wall fountain. Peace and calmness will fill the room due to the pleasant sound of the waterfall. Entryways are common places for wall fountains, but they can also be displayed in any common area. Although the instructions for hanging one are fairly straightforward there will be minor variations depending on the model. Set-up will include putting together various components. Once you attach the base and the top you will then need to attach the pump and the tubing. The directions should be read first to make sure it is put together properly. In general, it is fast and easy. Keep in mind, though, that each model might need a slight modification. Have a colleague hold the wall fountain in the desired location, then mark the wall appropriately. The easiest way to make sure it is mounted correctly is to use a level. Both the very top and the base should be marked. There is more than a single method to hang a wall fountain. The first is to use screws which you slide right into the slots on the back. A second option is use brackets installed on the wall. This option tends to be recommended for large wall fountains. Mark the spot on the wall where the brackets need to be attached.

Bore pilot holes in the wall wherever you need to set the drywall anchors. Affix the anchors by carefully hammering them into the wall. Use a cordless drill or a screwdriver to install the brackets, making sure they are level. Then, hoist your unit and place it on the mounting brackets. Ensure that it is securely mounted and straight. When you are confident the unit is stable, add water. Use sufficient water so that the pump is completely covered. At this point plug it in and the water will start to move. The water should fill the basin to within one inch of the very top. Never fill the basin all the way to the top or it will overflow when the pump is not on. When the water is not being pumped, it all settles at the bottom causing the water level to rise. Damage can be caused if the water is overly full and overflows down your wall.

The Globe's Most Splendid Water Fountains

The King Fahd Fountain ( crafted in 1985) in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, has the tallest consistently-running fountain on the planet.

Reaching incredible heights above the Red Sea, this fountain jets water 260 meters (853 feet) in the sky.

Coming in second is the World Cup Fountain located in the Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002) with water blasting 202 meters (663 feet).

Occupying third place is the Gateway Geyser (1995), situated near the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri. Regarded as the tallest fountain in the United States, it jets water 192 meters (630 feet) into the sky.

Next is the fountain located in Karachi, Pakistan (Port Fountain) which shoots water up to 190 meters (620 feet) in height.

Number 4 is Water at Fountain Park (1970) situated in Fountain Hills, Arizona - it can attain up to 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are running, even though it typically only reaches up to 91 meters (300 feet).

The Dubai Fountain made its first appearance in 2009 close to the tallest building in the world, the Burj Khalifa. Once every half hour, this fountain begins dancing to pre-recorded musical themes while shooting water 73 meters (240 feet) high. It also has extreme shooters, rarely used, which go as high as 150 meters (490 feet).

Making it in the top 8 is the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra (1970) which measures 147 meters (482 feet).

And at #8, we have the the Jet d'eau, in Geneva (1951), measuring 140 meters (460 feet).

Water Features: Pets, Flying Visitors and You

Putting in an outdoor water fountain or a bird feeder will allow you to enjoy the natural presence of wildlife or pets. The truth is that birds require water to: drink, bathe and preen. There are some birds, such as robins, thrushes, orioles, or warblers, which are not attracted to bird feeders, but are drawn to fountains because of the moving water. Birds are often drawn to outdoor fountains because of their flowing water rather than the standing water found in bowl-shaped bird baths. Birds are greatly attracted to the trickling and splashing music produced.

Dogs are attracted to fountains mainly because they provide another source of water. During the sweltering summer months, dogs and cats will be outside searching for fresh water. Constantly flowing water is also going to require much less cleaning than a still bowl of water from a birdbath, which collects debris.

Did You Know How Mechanical Designs of Water Fountains Became Known?

Spreading pragmatic hydraulic facts and fountain design ideas all through Europe was accomplished with the printed documents and illustrated books of the time. An un-named French fountain engineer was an internationally celebrated hydraulic leader in the later part of the 1500's. With Royal commissions in Brussels, London and Germany, he began his work in Italy, building knowledge in garden design and grottoes with incorporated and ingenious water features. The book, “The Principles of Moving Forces,” penned near the end of his life in France, turned into the fundamental text on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. The book modified crucial hydraulic breakthroughs since classical antiquity as well as describing modern hydraulic technologies. As a mechanized method to shift water, Archimedes devised the water screw, chief among vital hydraulic discoveries. Sunlight heated the water in two undetectable containers next to the decorative water feature were displayed in an illustration. Activating the water feature is heated liquid that expands and ascends to close up the conduits.

Pumps, water wheels, water attributes and backyard pond styles are mentioned in the text.


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