A Fabulous Example of Roman Expertise: The Santa Maria in Cosmedin Fountain

Archaeologists and restorers alike have stumbled upon a treasure trove of heathen and Christian artifacts on the grounds of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The well-known marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth) is located in the portico of the basilica nearby. The location of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was not in a well-known neighborhood and was, therefore, not often visited. Since the nearby area was depressing and mostly uninhabited, people were not particularly interested in visiting it. c_077__27676.jpg As part of an effort to modernize the piazza outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was commissioned by Pope Clement XI to design a fountain. August 11, 1717 marked the date when work on the church’s foundation commenced. Medals bearing the imagery of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were thrown in the foundation following the consecration of the first stone.

An Introduction to Garden Herbs

Numerous gardeners are enticed to herbs because they can utilize them in so many distinctive dishes. They're incredibly easy to grow both indoors or outdoors, and offer instant gratification as you can use them in a variety of recipes including soups, marinades and sauces. Herbs are very simple to manage and often do not require daily care, but even better you can move these plants inside your home with the pots to guarantee they are going to be able to endure the winter weather that tends to be cold and life-threatening for all plants. If you are thinking of adding perennial herbs to your back garden, you are making a good choice because they do not die easily or need replanting after every year passes. Your flavor and texture preferences in preparing food with herbs are key considerations in deciding which herbs to grow. Tailor your herb garden to the kind of food you most routinely cook. For example, plant cilantro if you prefer Mexican or Thai food. If you prepare more Italian food, absolutely plant basil, oregano, and thyme. You must decide where your herb garden will be grown in order to determine which herbs will mature best. It may be easier to plant right into the earth if you live in a place that has hotter winters and cooler summers.

It is simultaneously an attractive way to landscape your yard and an easy choice because you do not need to assemble or buy planters. Are you worried that your location has horrible climate that might cause your vegetation to die or become dormant? Try out planters because with their versatility and usefulness allows you to move the herbs indoors at any time.

From Where Did Fountains Come From?

A fountain, an amazing piece of engineering, not only supplies drinking water as it pours into a basin, it can also launch water high into the air for an extraordinary effect.

The central purpose of a fountain was originally strictly functional. Cities, towns and villages made use of nearby aqueducts or springs to provide them with drinking water as well as water where they could bathe or wash. Used until the nineteenth century, in order for fountains to flow or shoot up into the air, their origin of water such as reservoirs or aqueducts, had to be higher than the water fountain in order to benefit from the power of gravity. Acting as an element of adornment and celebration, fountains also supplied clean, fresh drinking water. Animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks were often used by Romans to beautify their fountains. To depict the gardens of paradise, Muslim and Moorish garden planners of the Middle Ages introduced fountains to their designs. King Louis XIV of France wanted to illustrate his dominion over nature by including fountains in the Gardens of Versailles. The Romans of the 17th and 18th centuries manufactured baroque decorative fountains to exalt the Popes who commissioned them as well as to mark the location where the restored Roman aqueducts entered the city.

Since indoor plumbing became the norm of the day for clean, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely ornamental. Amazing water effects and recycled water were made possible by replacing the power of gravity with mechanical pumps.

Embellishing city parks, honoring people or events and entertaining, are some of the uses of modern-day fountains.

Container Herb Gardens: All You Need to Know and Then Some

An optimal herb garden can be made in a container. People who like spending time in the kitchen or the garden often times find themselves drawn to the world of herbs. These simple to grow, unique plants offer immediate contentment since they can be used in everyday recipes such as soups and marinades. A few minutes of care and attention every day is all that is necessary to preserve an herb garden once it's planted, and planter gardens and potted herbs can be brought inside once the fall nights begin to change, making it continue all year long. Some herbs will be set to harvest sooner than others due to their varying growth rates. Patience is required for herb gardening, just like any other goal. Even though results might not be noticeable straight away, it is important to continue taking care of an herb garden as it takes time.

It is a little known fact that the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, were merely terraced roofs full of flora. They were water-proof and planned to be built over a large, curved stone substructure that held massive storage rooms below. Water was brought up to the terraces by hydraulic devices and the terrace soil was deep enough to cultivate trees.

Prevalent plants were thyme, poppy, anise, and rosemary.

"Primitive" Greek Art: Large Statuary

Archaic Greeks were renowned for developing the first freestanding statuary; up until then, most carvings were made out of walls and pillars as reliefs. Most of the freestanding statues were of youthful, winsome male or female (kore) Greeks and are called kouros figures. Thought of by Greeks to characterize beauty, the kouroi were formed into rigid, forward facing poses with one foot outstretched, and the male statues were always nude, well-developed, and fit. In 650 BC, life-size variations of the kouroi began to be seen. A significant era of modification for the Greeks, the Archaic period introduced about newer forms of state, expressions of artwork, and a greater comprehension of people and customs outside of Greece. Similar to other times of historical unrest, disputes were commonplace, and there were battles between city-states like The Arcadian wars, the Spartan invasion of Samos.


Fountains: The Minoan Civilization
On the Greek island of Crete, excavations have unearthed conduits of different varieties. These were applied to furnish cities with water as well as to reduce flooding and... read more
Ancient Crete & The Minoans: Water Fountains
Archaeological digs in Minoan Crete in Greece have exposed varied types of channels. These delivered water and eliminated it, including water from waste and storms. ... read more
The Minoan Culture: Outdoor Fountains
Fountains and Water and the Minoan Civilization They were used for water supply as well as removal of storm water and wastewater. They were for the most part constructed from terracotta or stone. Anytime clay was chosen, it... read more
"Primitive" Greek Art: Large Statuary
Archaic Greeks were well known for creating the first freestanding statuary; up until then, most carvings were constructed out of walls and pillars as reliefs. Most of these freestanding sculptures were what is known as kouros figures, statues of young,... read more
Eco-Friendly Fountains: Good for the Planet
Less maintenance is a result of adding this kind of fountain. Since these do not work using an electric motor that could clog up with clutter,... read more