An Absolute Roman Masterpiece: The Santa Maria Water Fountain in Cosmedin

Archaeologists and restorers on the lookout for pagan and Christian relics in Rome have come across an abundance of them in the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin. Situated in the portico of the nearby basilica one can see the famous marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth). The location of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was not in a well-known area and was, therefore, not oftentimes visited. The part of town where it was located was forlorn and uninviting which generally kept people away. It was then that the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was commissioned by Pope Clement XI to build a fountain in the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in an attempt to make the area more popular. brk-343-1__75786.jpg August 11, 1717 saw the beginning of the task to put down the foundation of the church. The consecration of the first rock to be placed in the foundation was followed by medals being tossed in showing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water.

Archaic Greek Artwork: Outdoor Statuary

The primitive Greeks developed the very first freestanding statuary, an awesome achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Most of the freestanding statues were of youthful, winsome male or female (kore) Greeks and are called kouros figures. Symbolizing beauty to the Greeks, the kouroi were designed to appear rigid and always had foot in front; the males were vigorous, strong, and nude. Life-sized versions of the kouroi appeared beginning in 650 BC. A substantial era of modification for the Greeks, the Archaic period introduced about newer forms of government, expressions of artwork, and a greater appreciation of people and cultures outside of Greece. The Arcadian battles, the Spartan penetration of Samos, and other wars between city-states are good examples of the sorts of conflicts that emerged frequently, which is consistent with other times of historical transformation.

How Fountains Bring to Your Every-Day Life

Outdoor fountains are perfect additions to any home because they contribute so many positives such as healthier air quality, and captivating sights and sounds. Along with the many health benefits they provide, they also produce a setting which your friends and family will enjoy. Different people, however, find that their fountain is valuable to them for many personal reasons. It might take you back to a special time or place you fondly remember. You might fondly recall someone special when you look at it. Or maybe you want to get one in memory of someone you have lost.

Whatever it contributes to your life, you will undoubtedly enjoy it for a long time.

The Early, Largely Ignored, Water-Moving Solution

Although the mechanism created by Agrippa for moving water earned the respect of Andrea Bacci in 1588, it seemed to fade not long thereafter. Only years afterward, in 1592, the early modern Roman waterway, the Acqua Felice, was linked to the Medici’s villa, probably making the technology outdated. Its application may have been limited but Camillo Agrippa’s innovation had a prominent place in history as the most amazing water-lifting hardware of its kind in Italy prior to the contemporary era. Although there were various other relevant water-driven concepts either planned or built during the late sixteenth century, like scenographic water presentations, giochi d’acqua or water caprices, and musical fountains, not one was fed by water like Agrippa’s system.

Contemporary Sculpture in Historic Greece

Sculptors garnished the lavish columns and archways with renderings of the greek gods until the period came to a close and most Greeks had begun to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred; at that point, it grew to be more standard for sculptors be paid to portray ordinary individuals as well. Often times, a representation of affluent families' ancestors would be commissioned to be placed inside of huge familial tombs, and portraiture, which would be copied by the Romans upon their conquering of Greek civilization, also became customary.

A point of artistic development, the use of sculpture and alternate art forms transformed during the Greek Classical period, so it is inexact to assume that the arts served only one function. Greek sculpture is possibly fascinating to us all nowadays because it was an avant-garde experiment in the historic world, so it does not make a difference whether or not its original function was religious zeal or artistic pleasure.


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