Contemporary Garden Decor: Fountains and their Roots

A water fountain is an architectural piece that pours water into a basin or jets it high into the air in order to supply drinkable water, as well as for decorative purposes.

The primary purpose of a fountain was originally strictly functional. People in cities, towns and villages received their drinking water, as well as water to bathe and wash, from aqueducts or springs nearby. Until the late nineteenth, century most water fountains functioned using gravity to allow water to flow or jet into the air, therefore, they needed a source of water such as a reservoir or aqueduct located higher than the fountain. brk-346__50387.jpg Fountains were an optimal source of water, and also served to adorn living areas and memorialize the designer. The main components used by the Romans to build their fountains were bronze or stone masks, mostly depicting animals or heroes. To replicate the gardens of paradise, Muslim and Moorish garden planners of the Middle Ages introduced fountains to their designs. The fountains seen in the Gardens of Versailles were meant to show the power over nature held by King Louis XIV of France. The Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries were extolled with baroque style fountains built to mark the place of entry of Roman aqueducts.

Urban fountains made at the end of the nineteenth served only as decorative and celebratory ornaments since indoor plumbing provided the essential drinking water. The creation of special water effects and the recycling of water were 2 things made possible by replacing gravity with mechanical pumps.

Beautifying city parks, honoring people or events and entertaining, are some of the uses of modern-day fountains.

The Godfather Of Roman Fountains

In Rome’s city center, there are many easily recognized fountains. One of the best ever sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini planned, conceived and constructed almost all of them. He was furthermore a city designer, in addition to his skills as a fountain engineer, and remnants of his life's work are evident throughout the avenues of Rome.

A renowned Florentine sculptor, Bernini's father guided his young son, and they eventually went to Rome to thoroughly exhibit their artwork, chiefly in the form of community water fountains and water fountains. The young Bernini received praise from Popes and influential artists alike, and was an diligent employee. At the beginning he was renowned for his sculptural expertise. He used his expertise and melded it effortlessly with Roman marble, most significantly in the Vatican. Although many artists had an impact on his work, Michelangelo had the most profound effect.

The Early Culture: Fountains

Various types of conduits have been found through archaeological digs on the island of Crete, the cradle of Minoan civilization. They not merely aided with the water supplies, they extracted rainwater and wastewater as well. The chief ingredients used were stone or clay. Anytime clay was utilized, it was normally for waterways as well as water pipes which came in rectangle-shaped or spherical forms. The cone-like and U-shaped terracotta conduits that were discovered have not been seen in any other society. Terracotta pipelines were put down under the flooring at Knossos Palace and used to move water. The terracotta water lines were additionally used for accumulating and storing water. These clay pipes were essential to perform: Below ground Water Transportation: Originally this particular technique appears to have been fashioned not for convenience but rather to provide water for specific individuals or rites without it being spotted. Quality Water Transportation: There is also evidence which indicates the pipes being employed to provide for water features separately from the domestic scheme.

Environmentally Friendly Garden Fountains

Are you seeking to beautify your backyard? Solar water features might be the answer - they are a perfect add-on to any home because they embellish the layout and raise the price of your home. Solar powered fountains can be a better investment versus electric ones because they not only improve one's health but they offer other interesting monetary perks. While you may spend a little more upfront, the savings that you make in the long-run are worth it. Because your fountain will not be powered by electrical energy, there will be no need to fret about any power shortages.

Running water fountains will lead to an increase in your electric bill. Even though short-term costs might be higher than you had predicted, don't forget that your residence is increasing in value.

The increased prices resulting from using more electricity is not the only factor, it also damages our eco-system. Solar driven water fountains are a good option to becoming “green”. Using solar energy to heat or cool your house is much better for our environment.

This kind of water fountain doesn't need as much maintenance as others.

These water features need less maintenance than other kinds. Since these do not run using an electric motor that could clog up with debris, they need little cleaning. And less cleaning equals more time to enjoy yourself!

The Dissemination of Fountain Design Innovation

Contributing to the advancement of scientific technology were the published letters and illustrated books of the day. They were also the main method of transmitting practical hydraulic information and water fountain design ideas all through Europe. An internationally recognized pioneer in hydraulics in the later part of the 1500's was a French water fountain engineer, whose name has been lost to history. His expertise in designing landscapes and grottoes with built-in and imaginative water attributes began in Italy and with mandates in Brussels, London and Germany. He authored a publication titled “The Principles of Moving Forces” toward the conclusion of his lifetime while in France that became the fundamental text on hydraulic technology and engineering. Classical antiquity hydraulic developments were detailed as well as updates to essential classical antiquity hydraulic breakthroughs in the publication. The water screw, a technical way to move water, and devised by Archimedes, was highlighted in the book. Sunlight heating up water in two vessels hidden in a room adjacent to an beautiful water feature was displayed in one illustration.

The hot liquid expands and subsequently ascends and shuts the water pipes thereby triggering the fountain. Designs for pumps, water wheels, water attributes and garden ponds are also mentioned in the publication.


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