The Influence of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Gardens

The Anglo-Saxon way of life was drastically changed by the arrival of the Normans in the later eleventh century. p-765__57560.jpg The Normans were better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. But the Normans had to pacify the whole territory before they could concentrate on home life, domestic architecture, and decoration. Because of this, castles were cruder constructions than monasteries: Monasteries were often significant stone buildings located in the biggest and most fertile valleys, while castles were erected on windy crests where their residents dedicated time and space to projects for offense and defense. The sterile fortresses did not provide for the calm avocation of farming. Berkeley Castle is probably the most unchanged model in existence today of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture. It is said that the keep was developed during William the Conqueror's time. A monumental terrace serves as a discouraging factor to invaders who would try to mine the walls of the building. On one of these parapets is a picturesque bowling green covered in grass and surrounded by an aged hedge of yew that has been shaped into coarse battlements.

The Dispersion of Water Feature Design Technology

Contributing to the development of scientific technology were the printed letters and illustrated books of the day. They were also the main method of transmitting useful hydraulic facts and water fountain design suggestions throughout Europe. A globally celebrated leader in hydraulics in the late 1500's was a French fountain designer, whose name has been lost to history. By designing landscapes and grottoes with integrated and clever water features, he began his profession in Italy by receiving imperial commissions in Brussels, London and Germany. In France, towards the end of his lifetime, he penned “The Principle of Moving Forces”, a publication which became the essential text on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. Modernizing vital hydraulic advancements of classical antiquity, the publication also details modern hydraulic technologies. As a mechanical means to push water, Archimedes invented the water screw, key among key hydraulic discoveries. Two undetectable vessels warmed by the sun's rays in a room adjacent to the decorative water fountain were shown in an illustration. What occurs is the heated water expanded, rises and closes up the piping leading to the fountain, thereby leading to activation. Pumps, water wheels, water attributes and backyard pond designs are mentioned in the book.

Presenting Contained Garden Water Features

Self-Contained fountains are cheaper and simple to install and are therefore quite common. All of the parts are provided with the fountain including the plumbing and pump. There is another use for the term “self-contained”, a reference to a fountain that has its own water repository.

Stand-alone water fountains are rather easy to install making them the perfect option for your patio or veranda. They are also easy to move from place to place.

The landscaper will first check that the spot where you want your fountain to go is level. Any bumps can quickly be leveled by your landscaper. You are now ready to position your water feature and fill it with water. Last but not least, connect it to a solar panel, a wall outlet, or batteries, and it should be ready to go.

Anyone who does not have direct access to a water source or external plumbing should consider a self-contained fountain. The center of a garden is a popular spot for a water fountain so as to get the most visibility, even though they can be placed anywhere. A number of common materials can be used for fountains including cast stone, metal, ceramic, and fiberglass.

Pondless Water Fountains: A Few of the Advantages of Having one in your Backyard

Disappearing fountains sometimes go by the term “pondless” fountains. The source of the water is not visible because it is underneath the surface of the ground. Disappearing fountains should be installed near any place people hang out often, as they add so much to the surrounding area. There are many types of them including millstones, ceramic urns, granite columns, and natural-looking waterfalls.

There are many reasons to give some thought to getting a disappearing fountain. Since the water source is below ground, there is no surface water to pose a threat to those around it. For this reason, it poses no risk to children. Additionally, due to the fact that water is located underground, none of it is lost to evaporation. This type of fountain, therefore, is a good choice for areas where there is a need to conserve water. The water source will remain clean and free of debris since it is below gound and algae will not grow in it, so you will not need to spend a lot of time cleaning it. Lastly, it is easier to find a space for it due to its small size.

California's Outdoor Fountains Research and Results

The very first US city to implement a tax on high calorie drinks was Berkley, California in February 2014. The taxation is believed to decrease sugary drink consumption and enhance the consumption of healthier drinks, like water from fountains. The aim of the research was to evaluate the state of community drinking water fountains and figure out if there is a distinction in access to fresh, operating drinking fountains based on racial or economic components. Facts on the city’s drinking water fountains were developed using a GPS created exclusively for the research. The US Census Community Study database was chosen to accumulate information pertaining to race and economic status in these locations. The 2 data sets were compared to identify what class variances, if any, there were in access to working water fountains. Each water fountain and the demographics of its bordering area were examined to reveal whether the site of the fountains or their standard of maintenance demonstrated any relationship to income, race, or other points. Most of the water fountains were not clean or blocked, in spite of the fact that most fountains worked.


The Tallest Water Features Around the World
The last impressive fountain to make the list is the Jet d’Eau (1951) in Geneva, Switzerland, measuring 140 meters (460 feet). read more
Enhance Your Office Space Environment with a Garden Water Feature
New customers who have a good impression of your organization is really the goal in this case. Your garden fountain will serve much like a welcoming embrace to new clients thinking about working with your company. read more
Presenting Stand-Alone Backyard Water Fountains
Since it is stand-alone and does not require an external water source or plumbing, a self-contained fountain is perfect for anyone looking for ease and convenience. The center of a garden is a popular place for a water fountain... read more
What Can I Learn About Container Herb Gardens
Interestingly one of Seven Wonders of the World, the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, were only terraced rooftop gardens. Designed to be constructed over an immense stone bowed structure, the rooftops were water resistant and secured cavernous... read more