The Impact of the Norman Conquest on Anglo-Saxon Garden Design

The advent of the Normans in the later half of the 11th century greatly modified The Anglo-Saxon ways of living. 115116-11303__31953.jpg The expertise of the Normans exceeded the Anglo-Saxons' in architecture and agriculture at the time of the conquest. However, there was no time for home life, domestic architecture, and adornment until the Normans had conquered the whole realm. Monasteries and castles served separate functions, so while monasteries were large stone structures constructed in only the most fruitful, wide dales, castles were set upon blustery knolls where the residents focused on learning offensive and defensive strategies. The barren fortresses did not provide for the peaceful avocation of farming. Berkeley Castle is probably the most unchanged model in existence today of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture. The keep is said to date from William the Conqueror's time. An enormous terrace encompasses the building, serving as an obstacle to assailants attempting to excavate under the castle walls. A picturesque bowling green, covered in grass and surrounded by battlements clipped out of an ancient yew hedge, creates one of the terraces.

The Famed Revelation Water Fountain at the Gardens of Chatsworth

The popular UK sculptor Angela Conner created the Chatsworth ornamental exterior fountain called “Revelation.” She was mandated by the now deceased 11th Duke of Devonshire to make a limited edition bust of Queen Elizabeth, in 2004/5 in commemoration of the Queen’s 80th birthday celebration. Jack Pond, one of Chatsworth’s earliest ponds, had “Revelation” installed in 1999. Alternatively hiding and revealing a gold colored globe at the sculpture’s center, the metallic water feature takes the form of four large flower petals which open and close with the circulation of water. A gold dust decorated metal globe was manufactured and added to the big sculpture standing five meters high and five meters in width. This newest water fountain is an intriguing addition to the Gardens at Chatsworth because the petals’ movement is completely driven by water.

An Introduction to Stand-Alone Garden Water Features

Self-Contained fountains are inexpensive and easy to install and are therefore in demand. All of the parts are included with the fountain even the plumbing and pump. Another name for a fountain having its own water source is referred to as “self-contained”.

If you are shopping for an easy-to-install water fountain for a veranda or deck, a self-contained model is definitely recommended. Their mobility is also an advantage, as they are very simple to move around.

The first thing the landscaper will need to determine is whether or not the land is even. Do not worry if the land is not flat, your landscaper can always even it out. Your water feature is now prepared for installation and the addition of water. The final step is to plug it into a socket, a solar panel, or batteries.

If you need a fountain that will not require an outside water source or additional plumbing, a self-contained fountain is best. Many fountain owners want them to be the focal point of their yards and place them right in the middle, although they can certainly go anywhere in the garden. A variety of common materials can be used for fountains including cast stone, metal, ceramic, and fiberglass.

An Introduction to Garden Herbs

A lot of gardeners find that they are drawn to knowing more about herbal plants as they are simple to cultivate and fun to use in cooking. They are easy to grow inside our homes or out, and provide immediate gratification when used in marinades, various recipes, sauces and soups. Maintaining your herb garden all year is easy to do as you can cultivate the natural herbs in pots and move them in when the weather conditions starts to turn cold. If you are thinking of adding perennial herbs to your backyard, you are making a good choice because they don't die easily or need replanting after every year passes. In addition, the kinds of herbs you want to cook with should affect your personal herb choices. Basil, oregano, and thyme are great herbs to plant if you take pleasure in cooking and eating Italian food. If you prefer Latin themed food, you may choose to plant cilantro instead. It is essential to determine where your herbs will be cultivated in order to decide which herbs will thrive. To make the task easier, plant directly in the ground if you live in a mild climate without harsh winters or summers This is a great way to spruce up your backyard without having the pain of investing in or creating planters. Are you nervous that your area has bad climate that might cause your plants to die or become dormant? Try out planters as with their versatility and usefulness allows you to move the herbs inside at any time.

Statues As a Staple of Vintage Art in Ancient Greece

The initial freestanding statuary was improved by the Archaic Greeks, a recognized accomplishment since until then the sole carvings in existence were reliefs cut into walls and columns. Kouros figures, sculptures of adolescent, handsome male or female (kore) Greeks, made up the bulk of the sculptures. The kouroi were believed by the Greeks to represent beauty and were sculpted with one foot leading and an uncompromising firmness to their forward-facing poses; the male statues were always strapping, brawny, and undressing. Life-sized versions of the kouroi appeared beginning in 650 BC. The Archaic period was an extraordinary point of transformation for the Greeks as they grew into new forms of government, formed fresh expressions of art, and gained information of the men and women and cultures outside of Greece. Wars like The Arcadian wars, the Spartan invasion of Samos, and other wars involving city-states are indicative of the tumultuous nature of the time, which was similar to other periods of historical upset. However, these conflicts did not significantly hinder the advancement of the Greek civilization.


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California's Garden Water Fountains Study and Results
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