Modern Garden Decoration: Large Outdoor Water Fountains and their Beginnings

p_709__48522.jpg A fountain, an amazing piece of engineering, not only supplies drinking water as it pours into a basin, it can also launch water high into the air for a noteworthy effect.

Pure functionality was the original role of fountains. Cities, towns and villages made use of nearby aqueducts or springs to supply them with drinking water as well as water where they could bathe or wash. Up until the 19th century, fountains had to be higher and closer to a water supply, such as aqueducts and reservoirs, in order to benefit from gravity which fed the fountains. Artists thought of fountains as wonderful additions to a living space, however, the fountains also served to provide clean water and celebrate the artist responsible for creating it. The main materials used by the Romans to create their fountains were bronze or stone masks, mostly illustrating animals or heroes. To replicate the gardens of paradise, Muslim and Moorish garden planners of the Middle Ages added fountains to their designs. To show his dominance over nature, French King Louis XIV included fountains in the Garden of Versailles. The Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries were extolled with baroque style fountains constructed to mark the place of entry of Roman aqueducts.

Since indoor plumbing became the standard of the day for clean, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely ornamental. Gravity was substituted by mechanical pumps in order to permit fountains to bring in clean water and allow for amazing water displays.

Nowadays, fountains decorate public spaces and are used to pay tribute to individuals or events and fill recreational and entertainment needs.

The Earliest Water Garden Fountains

Villages and villages relied on functional water fountains to channel water for cooking, bathing, and cleaning from local sources like ponds, channels, or creeks. In the days before electricity, the spray of fountains was driven by gravity only, usually using an aqueduct or water resource located far away in the surrounding mountains. Inspirational and spectacular, prominent water fountains have been constructed as monuments in nearly all civilizations. Rough in design, the first water fountains did not appear much like present fountains. The first accepted water fountain was a natural stone basin carved that was used as a container for drinking water and ceremonial functions. The initial stone basins are believed to be from about 2000 B.C.. The spraying of water appearing from small jets was pushed by gravity, the lone power source creators had in those days. Situated near reservoirs or creeks, the functional public water fountains furnished the local residents with fresh drinking water.

Fountains with flowery decoration started to show up in Rome in approx. 6 B.C., usually gods and creatures, made with stone or bronze. A well-designed collection of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public fountains supplied with fresh water.

A Magnificent Example of Roman Know-How: The Santa Maria in Cosmedin Water Fountain

Archaeologists and restorers alike have stumbled upon a wealth of pagan and Christian artifacts on the grounds of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The well-known marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth) is located in the portico of the basilica nearby. Since the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was located off the beaten track, it remained relatively obscure. Since the nearby area was depressing and mostly uninhabited, visitors were not particularly interested in visiting it. As part of a project to refurbish the piazza outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was instructed by Pope Clement XI to design a fountain. August 11, 1717 saw the beginning of the job to lay down the foundation of the church. After blessing of the first stone, medals with the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were tossed into the foundation.

Simple Tips to Hang a Wall Fountain

Enhance virtually any area with the addition of a wall fountain. The effects of the water sounds include bringing serenity and calm to the room. People tend to place their wall fountains in entryways, but, in fact, they can be a wonderful addition to any room where everyone congregates. Although the instructions for putting one up are fairly straightforward there will be minor modifications depending on the model. Assembly will include putting together a number of components. The base and the upper section will need to be put together as well as the pump and the tubing. The directions should be read first to make sure it is assembled right. In general, it is simple and uncomplicated. Keep in mind, though, that each design might need a slight change.

The easiest way to make sure it is positioned correctly is to get somebody to hold it where you want it while you mark the wall. To guarantee it will be straight, get a level. Both the upper end and the bottom should be marked. Wall fountains can be mounted in a couple of ways. The first is to utilize screws which you slide directly into the slots on the back. Another method is to place it on brackets you have secured to the wall. This alternative tends to be recommended for heavy wall fountains. Put a mark on the wall where the brackets will best fit on your wall fountain. Drill pilot holes in the wall where you need to set the drywall anchors. Insert the anchors in the wall with a hammer. The brackets can then be mounted on the wall with a screwdriver or cordless drill. Then, lift your unit and hang it on the mounting brackets. Ensure that it is properly installed and level. Water can be added once the fountain has been positioned. Make sure there is sufficient water to cover the pump. It is now time to plug it in and see the water flow. The water should fill the basin to within an inch of the very top. Be aware that it will overflow when not pumping if you fill it to the very top. The water level will rise because all of the moving water will settle down at the base of the basin. Damage can be caused if the water is overly full and overflows down your wall.

Garden Water Fountains: The Designs From Which to Choose

Gardens allow you to escape into nature and be outside whenever you want. While it is not a simple task to build one, you will be glad you did once you are able to relax and enjoy it. Both the “curb appeal” and the value of your home will be driven up when you set up an eye-catching garden. Many people opt to add to their landscaping by putting in statues or other art, re-doing the pavement of their driveway, planting trees, or building a water feature.

A water fountain can make a significant difference to the beauty and tranquility of your garden. A place of harmony and serenity will appear from what was originally just a plain spot. The sounds of a water fountain make for a soothing environment, not just for people but for the birds and other local wildlife that it will attract. The rest of the garden will suddenly become just background to the lovely new fountain.


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