The Minoan Culture: Outdoor Fountains

Fountains and Water and the Minoan Civilization They were used for water supply as well as removal of storm water and wastewater. They were for the most part constructed from terracotta or stone. 94-922-13901__11367.jpg Anytime clay was chosen, it was frequently for canals as well as pipes which came in rectangle-shaped or circular shapes. Amidst these were clay conduits which were U shaped or a shortened, cone-like form which have just appeared in Minoan culture. Clay conduits were utilized to distribute water at Knossos Palace, running up to three meters beneath the floor surfaces. The terracotta conduits were also utilized for gathering and holding water. These clay pipelines were essential to perform: Underground Water Transportation: This particular system’s unseen nature might mean that it was actually created for some kind of ritual or to circulate water to limited communities. Quality Water Transportation: Given the data, several historians advocate that these pipelines were not attached to the popular water delivery system, providing the palace with water from a distinctive source.

The Genesis Of Fountains

A water fountain is an architectural piece that pours water into a basin or jets it high into the air in order to supply drinkable water, as well as for decorative purposes.

Originally, fountains only served a functional purpose. Cities, towns and villages made use of nearby aqueducts or springs to provide them with drinking water as well as water where they could bathe or wash. Until the late nineteenth, century most water fountains operated using gravity to allow water to flow or jet into the air, therefore, they needed a source of water such as a reservoir or aqueduct located higher than the fountain. Serving as an element of adornment and celebration, fountains also provided clean, fresh drinking water. Roman fountains often depicted images of animals or heroes made of metal or stone masks. Muslims and Moorish garden designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller models of the gardens of paradise. King Louis XIV of France wanted to demonstrate his superiority over nature by including fountains in the Gardens of Versailles. The Romans of the 17th and 18th centuries manufactured baroque decorative fountains to glorify the Popes who commissioned them as well as to mark the spot where the restored Roman aqueducts entered the city.

Indoor plumbing became the key source of water by the end of the 19th century thereby restricting urban fountains to mere decorative elements.

The introduction of special water effects and the recycling of water were two things made possible by replacing gravity with mechanical pumps.

Modern fountains are used to adorn community spaces, honor individuals or events, and enrich recreational and entertainment events.

How Feng Shui Turn Your Garden into A Good Place to Think

Integrating feng shui design into your yard will help circulate its energy into your home and your life.

As far as the size of your garden goes, it is not extremely important when incorporating feng shui design to it. A sizeable area is great for those fortunate enough to have it, but a smaller area can still be useful in feng shui design.

The same tools you employ to introduce feng shui design into your house can be used in the garden. Your yard's bagua, or energy map, is an off-shoot of your home’s bagua, so it is important to figure out your home’s first.

It is also crucial to know the five elements in the theory of feng shui and how best to use each one to maximize its energy.

Feng shui design calls for the Earth element, for example, to be integrated into the northeastern corner of your garden, as that section connects to self-cultivation and personal improvement energy. This could be the ideal place to put a meditative Zen garden with some beautiful stones because these represent the Earth element in feng shui.

Anyone thinking about incorporating a water feature into their garden should place it in one of these feng shui areas: North (career & path in life), Southeast (money and abundance), or East (health & family).

The Godfather Of Rome's Public Fountains

There are many celebrated Roman water features in its city center. One of the most distinguished sculptors and artists of the 17th century, virtually all of them were planned, conceived and built by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. His abilities as a water feature creator and also as a city designer, are visible throughout the avenues of Rome. Eventually travelling to Rome to completely express their artwork, chiefly in the shape of community water features, Bernini’s father, a distinguished Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son.

An excellent employee, the young Bernini earned compliments and patronage of various popes and influential designers. His sculpture was originally his claim to popularity. An authority in historical Greek engineering, he used this knowledge as a foundation and melded it seamlessly with Roman marble, most famously in the Vatican. Although many artists impacted his artistic endeavors, Michelangelo influenced him the most.

Agrippa's Astonishing, but Mostly Forgotten Water-Lifting Mechanism

In 1588, Agrippa’s water-lifting invention attracted the attention and praise of Andrea Bacci but that turned out to be one of the last references of the technology. Just years later, in 1592, the early contemporary Roman waterway, the Acqua Felice, was hooked up to the Medici’s villa, possibly making the unit outdated. The simpler reason is that it was ignored about when Ferdinando left for Florence in 1588, following the expiry of his brother Francesco di Medici, to change his rank as cardinal for one as the Grand Duke of Tuscany. #P# Renaissance gardens of the late sixteenth century happened to be home to works like music fountains, scenographic water demonstrations and water caprices (giochi d’acqua), but these were not outfitted with water in ways which violated the force of gravity itself.


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