Sculpture As a Staple of Classic Art in Archaic Greece

Up right up until the Archaic Greeks developed the 1st freestanding statuary, a phenomenal achievement, carvings had mostly been accomplished in walls and pillars as reliefs. Most of the freestanding statues were of young, winsome male or female (kore) Greeks and are termed kouros figures. Thought of by Greeks to embody beauty, the kouroi were created into inflexible, forward facing positions with one foot outstretched, and the male statues were usually nude, well-developed, and athletic. Life-sized versions of the kouroi appeared beginning in 650 BC. During the Archaic period, a big time of change, the Greeks were evolving new forms of government, expressions of art, and a greater awareness of people and cultures outside Greece. 50721md__16697.jpg The Arcadian wars, the Spartan penetration of Samos, and other wars between city-states are instances of the kinds of clashes that emerged commonly, which is consistent with other times of historical transformation.

Enliven Your Everyday Life with a Water Fountain

The movement and sound of water generated from a fountain have two health benefits: cleaning the air and proving a place of relaxation and serenity, both of which will better your quality of life.

Both an indoor and an outdoor garden fountain will help you in ways you might not even grasp. It is most likely no coincidence that the human body is made up mostly of water, and that people are drawn to coastal cities. While there are many lavish ways to incorporate the benefits of water into your daily life (like investing in a beach house!), a much more convenient solution is to install a water feature in your home.

If you want to make your porch, patio, or back yard even more delightful, think about purchasing an outdoor garden fountain. Even if you are already content with your outdoor area, the introduction of one of the many outdoor fountains available will make you love it even more. It can be a beautiful addition to the wall of your enclosed porch or outside above the veranda. Your flower garden will become a place of luxurious decadence and tranquility if you put in a tiered version.

The flow of the water in birdbath fountains, as compared to still water, means that bacteria and algae will not accumulate in the water, making for fresher water for wild birds. Add the ultimate touch with the tranquil sound of moving water in your garden.

The Garden of Chatsworth and its Stunning Cascading Fountain

The Cascade garden fountain forms an spectacular garden focal point at the rear of Chatsworth House. Twenty-four irregularly spaced stone steps reach down the hillside for 200 yards towards the residence. Based mostly on a 17th century French design, the Cascade is also entirely gravity fed. Remaining unaltered since its inception, this water fountain was originally designed for the first Duke of Devonshire in 1696. The Cascade House overlooks the fountain, where water gently moves downward. Adorned on the outside with sea creatures in bas-relief, the dwelling is a small building. Water pressure to the Cascade can be increased on special occasions, meaning the Cascade House becomes part of the Cascade sight, as water flows through conduits on its roof and from the mouths of its carved sea creatures, prior to continuing straight down the Cascade. Providing a wonderful and relaxing complement to a stroll through the landscape, the minor difference in measurement of every step means that the sound of the water falling down varies as it falls along the Cascades. In 2004, Chatsworth's Cascade was voted the best water feature in England.

A Magnificent Example of Roman Expertise: The Santa Maria in Cosmedin Fountain

Incredible finds of both Christian and pagan roots have been made by archaeologists and restorers in the area around Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth} is a renowned marble sculpture located in the portico of the nearby basilica. When the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain was created in 1719, it was off the beaten track and generally unknown as a result. Due to the fact that the nearby area was gloomy and mostly abandoned, people were not particularly interested in visiting it. It was a this time that Pope Clement XI mandated the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri to put up a water fountain to renovate the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin. Work on the church's foundation began on on August 11, 1717. Medallions bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were thrown in the foundation following the blessing of the first rock.

The World’s Tallest Water Showpieces

Jeddah, Saudi Arabia has the leading continuously- running water fountain known as the King Fahd Fountain (1985). Attaining incredible heights above the Red Sea, this fountain jets water 260 meters (853 feet) in the sky.

The Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), comes in second with water levels of 202 meters (663 feet).

Occupying third place is the Gateway Geyser (1995), located near the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri. This fountain is considered the tallest in the U.S. with water reaching up to 192 meters (630 feet).

Next is Port Fountain (2006) in Karachi, Pakistan, where the water jets 190 meters (620 feet) high.

Fountain Park in Fountain Hills, Arizona is number 4: it can jet water 171 meters (561 feet) high when the three pumps function at full capacity, it is usually limited to 91 meters (300 feet).

The Dubai Fountain which made its debut in 2009 is situated next to tallest building worldwide, the famous Burj Khalifa. It performs every 1/2 hour to previously recorded songs and propels water up to 73 meters (240 feet) in height -it also has built in extreme shooters, though only used during special events, which reach 150 meters (490 feet) in height.

Making it in the top 8 is the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra (1970) which measures 147 meters (482 feet).

Last of all is the Jet d’Eau (1951) in Geneva, Switzerland, which measures 140 meters (460 feet).


Water-raising System by Camillo Agrippa
Unfortunately, Agrippa’s wonderful plan for raising water was not discussed a great deal following 1588, when Andrea Bacci applauded it widely. It may possibly be that the... read more
Fountains: The Minoan Culture
Various types of conduits have been uncovered through archaeological digs on the island of Crete, the birthplace of Minoan society. They were used for water supply as... read more
Eco-Friendly Wall fountains
Less maintenance is a result of installing this kind of fountain. Clogs are avoided because there is no motor - which means less cleaning. And less cleaning equals more time to enjoy yourself! read more
Environmentally Friendly Garden Wall Fountains
Less maintenance is a benefit of installing this kind of fountain. As there is no electrical motor that can get clogged, little cleaning is required. And this means more fun for you! read more
The Effect of the Norman Conquest on Anglo-Saxon Garden Design
The arrival of the Normans in the second half of the eleventh century irreparably altered The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. The talent of the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons' in design and farming at the time of the conquest. ... read more